Involvement of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus in the innervation of the descending colon and rectum in cats
In acute experiments on urethane-anaesthetized cats, motor responses of different parts of the colon (the proximal and descending parts as well the rectum) to microstimulation of neurons of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus (SPN) were investigated. The stimulation was carried out by rectangle pulses of current with intensity 100-1000 microA, pulse width 0.5 ms and frequency 10 Hz. It was shown that the microstimulation of the SPN neurons located within SI-SIII segments of spinal cord induced mainly the excitatory motor responses of all regions of the colon. However the most pronounced responses were obtained when the neurons of SII segments were stimulated. On the whole, the responses of rectum to stimulation were greater than responses of the proximal part of the colon. Our results suggest that the SPN neurons located within SII segments play the most important role in reflex control of colon motility.