Motor improvement and corticospinal modulation induced by hybrid assistive neuromuscular dynamic stimulation (HANDS) therapy in patients with chronic stroke.

@article{Fujiwara2009MotorIA,
  title={Motor improvement and corticospinal modulation induced by hybrid assistive neuromuscular dynamic stimulation (HANDS) therapy in patients with chronic stroke.},
  author={Toshiyuki Fujiwara and Yuko Kasashima and Kaoru Honaga and Yoshihiro Muraoka and Tetsuya Tsuji and Rieko Osu and Kimitaka Hase and Yoshihisa Masakado and Meigen Liu},
  journal={Neurorehabilitation and neural repair},
  year={2009},
  volume={23 2},
  pages={
          125-32
        }
}
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We devised a therapeutic approach to facilitate the use of the hemiparetic upper extremity (UE) in daily life by combining integrated volitional control electrical stimulation with a wrist splint, called hybrid assistive neuromuscular dynamic stimulation (HANDS). METHODS Twenty patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke (median 17.5 months) had moderate to severe UE weakness. Before and immediately after completing 3 weeks of training in 40-minute sessions, 5 days per… CONTINUE READING

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Newly developed therapy for paretic arm using an integrated volitional control electrical stimulator and a wrist-hand splint

  • Y Kasashima, T Fujiwara, Y Muraoka, T Tsuji, K Hase, M. Liu
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