Motor control of the mandible closer muscle in ants.

@article{Paul2002MotorCO,
  title={Motor control of the mandible closer muscle in ants.},
  author={J{\"u}rgen Paul and Wulfila Gronenberg},
  journal={Journal of insect physiology},
  year={2002},
  volume={48 2},
  pages={255-267}
}
Despite their simple design, ant mandible movements cover a wide range of forces, velocities and amplitudes. The mandible is controlled by the mandible closer muscle, which is composed of two functionally distinct subpopulations of muscle fiber types: fast fibers (short sarcomeres) and slow ones (long sarcomeres). The entire muscle is controlled by 10-12 motor neurons, 4-5 of which exclusively supply fast muscle fibers. Slow muscle fibers comprise a posterior and an antero-lateral group, each… CONTINUE READING