Motor Development during Infancy and Early Childhood: Overview and Suggested Directions for Research

@article{Malina2004MotorDD,
  title={Motor Development during Infancy and Early Childhood: Overview and Suggested Directions for Research},
  author={Robert M. Malina},
  journal={International Journal of Sport and Health Science},
  year={2004},
  volume={2},
  pages={50-66}
}
  • R. Malina
  • Published 2004
  • Psychology, Biology
  • International Journal of Sport and Health Science
The development of motor competence during infancy and childhood is dependent upon and influenced by the growth and maturity characteristics of the child interacting with the environment in which a child is reared. Environmental opportunities and restraints for movement interact with the biological substrates of growth and maturation to determine the motor repertoire of the child. This paper provides a brief overview of motor development during infancy and early childhood and then highlights… 

Tables from this paper

Motor development in infants – conditioning factors and assessment methods
TLDR
Information is presented on developmental processes in the human brain as well as typical and atypical motor development and factors conditioning motor development in infants and selected assessment methods of infant motor development are characterised and evaluated.
Environmental Factors Affecting Preschoolers’ Motor Development
The process of development occurs according to the pattern established by the genetic potential and also by the influence of environmental factors. The aim of the present study was to focus on the
Motor abilities in early childhood and the effectiveness of a multi-component, kindergarten-based intervention
TLDR
The results underline the essentialness of well-designed and applied programs to promote motor abilities in kindergarten and help to create effective promotion strategies with the aim to give each child the best opportunity to development a high motor potential and thus the prerequisite for a healthy long life.
Infant motor development and cognitive performance in early old age: the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study
TLDR
People who learned to walk earlier had better cognitive performance in early old age, and earlier attainment of learning to walk was associated with shorter reaction times in cognitive performance tasks.
Development Changes in Motor Space at 6 and 7 Years Old Children
With aim to determine the development changes in motor space at 6 and 7 years old children, longitudinal research was realized on a sample of 123 male six years old children included in initial
Assessment of Motor Development in Childhood: Contemporary Issues, Considerations, and Future Directions
Assessment of the motor domain is a critical aspect of understanding motor development. Measurement of motor development is the baseline to understand potential delays and to promote the tools for
Pirová Assessment of Psychomotor Development of Preschool Children: A Review of Eight Psychomotor Developmental
  • Psychology
  • 2020
 Abstract — The assessment of psychomotor development allows us to identify children with motor delays, helps us to monitor progress in time and prepare suitable intervention programs. The
Siblings’ Influence on the Motor Competence of Preschoolers
TLDR
Results showed that children in a household with siblings, independent of their age and sex, show a clear tendency for developing better motor competence.
Influence of age, sex and somatic variables on the motor performance of pre-school children
TLDR
The relationship between motor performance and selected biological factors varied with age and with the specificity of the motor test, and age in months and sex stood out as the main predictors of motor performance.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 113 REFERENCES
Human Motor Development: A Lifespan Approach
Preface PART I: AN OVERVIEW OF DEVELOPMENT 1: Introduction to Motor Development 2: Cognitive and Motor Development 3: Social and Motor Development PART II: FACTORS THAT AFFECT DEVELOPMENT 4: Prenatal
EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF LOCOMOTION: SIGNIFICANCE OF PREMATURITY, CEREBRAL PALSY and SEX
TLDR
Most stages of locomotion occurred at slightly later ages among the neurologically unimpaired preterm infants than among those born at term (age corrected for prematurity), and at slightly earlier ages for boys than for girls, but these differences were not significant at any age.
Structural maturation of neural pathways in children and adolescents: in vivo study.
TLDR
Findings provide evidence for a gradual maturation, during late childhood and adolescence, of fiber pathways presumably supporting motor and speech functions.
Dissociated motor development--developmental patterns, clinical characteristics, causal factors and outcome, with special reference to late walking children.
TLDR
Early differentiation between the late walkers who were normalized and those who developed mild mental retardation or neurological handicaps was difficult but not quite impossible.
FACTORS AFFECTING MOTOR PERFORMANCE IN FOUR-MONTH-OLD INFANTS.
TLDR
Within the group of subsequent babies, motor scores made by premature infants were significantly lower than those made by full-term babies; however, no differences were found between premature and full- term first babies.
Prenatal malnutrition and development of the brain
Life Span Motor Development
TLDR
This book discusses the development of motor skills through the stages of physical growth, maturation, and aging, as well as the role of social and cultural constraints in this development.
Sibling Relationships of Preschool-Aged Children in Gross Motor Environments.
Abstract This research describes the behaviors and interactions of preschool-aged siblings in two conditions: object-oriented and body-oriented. The hypothesis was that a child's social network, and
Human cerebral hemispheres develop at different rates and ages.
TLDR
The development of the cerebral hemispheres was assessed by using measures of electroencephalographic coherence and phase in 577 children ranging in age from 2 months to early adulthood to note continuous growth processes that were described best by an exponential growth function and discrete growth spurts that appeared in specific anatomical locations at specific postnatal periods.
Quantitative growth and development of human brain
TLDR
The growth spurt period is much more postnatal than has formerly been supposed; the cerebellum has special growth characteristics; and there is a separate period from 10 to 18 weeks' gestation when adult neuronal cell number may largely be achieved.
...
...