Motor Coordination in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Synthesis and Meta-Analysis

  title={Motor Coordination in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Synthesis and Meta-Analysis},
  author={Kimberly A. Fournier and Chris J. Hass and Sagar K. Naik and Neha Lodha and James H. Cauraugh},
  journal={Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders},
Are motor coordination deficits an underlying cardinal feature of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)? Database searches identified 83 ASD studies focused on motor coordination, arm movements, gait, or postural stability deficits. Data extraction involved between-group comparisons for ASD and typically developing controls (N = 51). Rigorous meta-analysis techniques including random effects models, forest and funnel plots, I2, publication bias, fail-safe analysis, and moderator variable analyses… 

Motor Skill Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Clinically Focused Review

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The findings suggest that the neural mechanisms for motor preparation and prediction differ between ASD and TD, and are influenced by the presence or absence of ADHD comorbidity.



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Sensory differences were highest for studies of children ages 6–9 years, samples with more than 80% with an autism diagnosis, and compared to a CA matched versus a MA or DD matched group.

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The results indicate that HFA is more consistently associated with impaired motoric preparation/initiation than AD, and the data suggest that this quantitative difference in motor impairment is not necessarily underpinned by greater executive dysfunction vulnerability in autism relative to AD.

Can autism, language and coordination disorders be differentiated based on ability profiles?

Children with autistic disorder (AD), mixed receptive-expressive language disorder (RELD), or developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have impairments in common. We assess which abilities

Motor Signs Distinguish Children with High Functioning Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome from Controls

Regression analyses revealed that a model including four PANESS variables offered a high level of discrimination in distinguishing boys with high-functioning autism from controls.

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Are Abilities Abnormally Interdependent in Children With Autism?

  • M. DyckJ. PiekD. HayLeigh M. SmithJ. Hallmayer
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2006
It is proposed that stronger than usual correlations between abilities indicate which cognitive processes are impaired in autism and MR, and that autism is marked by stronger correlations between motor coordination tasks and other ability measures.

Gross Motor Development, Movement Abnormalities, and Early Identification of Autism

Findings do not replicate previous investigations suggesting that early motor abnormalities seen on home video can assist in early identification of autism.

The external validity of Asperger disorder: lack of evidence from the domain of neuropsychology.

No significant group differences in motor, visuospatial, or executive functions were evident, save a marginally significant trend toward poorer fine motor performance in the AD group, suggesting that AD may simply be "high-IQ autism" and that separate names for the disorders may not be warranted.