Motives for Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Among Women With Borderline Personality Disorder

@article{Kleindienst2008MotivesFN,
  title={Motives for Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Among Women With Borderline Personality Disorder},
  author={N. Kleindienst and M. Bohus and P. Lud{\"a}scher and M. Limberger and Katrin Kuenkele and U. Ebner-Priemer and A. Chapman and M. Reicherzer and R. Stieglitz and C. Schmahl},
  journal={The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease},
  year={2008},
  volume={196},
  pages={230-236}
}
Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are known to use nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) as a dysfunctional strategy to regulate intense emotions. The primary purpose of this study was to clarify the motives for NSSI along with their interrelations. We further investigated the variety of emotions preceding NSSI and possible effects of NSSI on these emotions. To this end, a structured self-rating questionnaire on NSSI was administered to 101 female BPD-patients exhibiting NSSI. Most… Expand
Ecological Momentary Assessment of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Youth With Borderline Personality Disorder
TLDR
The findings suggest that youth with BPD have limited capacity to reflect on their motives and environment preceding NSSI, and patterns of affect change indicate that N SSI is maintained by reward incentives as well as negative reinforcement. Expand
Motives for Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Individuals with Lifetime Depressive Disorders and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Although researchers have identified a number of factors that may motivate individuals to engage in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), few studies have examined whether motives for NSSI differ as aExpand
Daily emotion in non-suicidal self-injury.
TLDR
Individuals who engage in NSSI experience more negative emotions, generally, and more self-dissatisfaction, specifically, according to the growing literature on the role of emotion in the etiology and functions of N SSI. Expand
The Emotion Regulation Function of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: A Momentary Assessment Study in Inpatients With Borderline Personality Disorder Features
TLDR
Preliminary results show that on a time scale of hours, instead of resulting in emotional relief, NSSI seems to be associated with a further increase in negative emotionality, shedding light on the cyclic nature of N SSI. Expand
Investigating the motivations for non-suicidal self-injury and interpersonal conflict in individuals with and without borderline characteristics
The aim of the study was to explore the differences in the psychophysiological and subjective responses to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and interpersonal conflict (IC) of individuals with andExpand
Emotion differentiation as a protective factor against nonsuicidal self-injury in borderline personality disorder.
Evidence that nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) serves a maladaptive emotion regulation function in borderline personality disorder (BPD) has drawn attention to processes that may increase risk for NSSIExpand
The affect stabilization function of nonsuicidal self injury in Borderline Personality Disorder: An Ecological Momentary Assessment study.
TLDR
Results indicated that individuals who engaged in NSSI show more Within Subject (WS) variance in valence and activation than individuals who did not engage in N SSI, but within the NSSi patients, individuals who engage more frequently in NssI during the study showed less WS variance inValence andactivation than patients who engaged less frequently inNSSI, suggesting that NSS I may be reinforced by its affect stabilization function. Expand
The role of seeing blood in non-suicidal self-injury in female patients with borderline personality disorder
TLDR
For tension relief by non-damaging mechanical painful stimulus the addition of visible blood showed neither subjective (arousal, urge for NSSI), nor objective (heart rate) advantages. Expand
Explicit and inferred motives for nonsuicidal self-injurious acts and urges in borderline and avoidant personality disorders.
TLDR
Interventions that build distress tolerance and enhance awareness for affective changes, and for antecedent/consequence patterns in NSSI, could help individuals resist the urge to self-injure. Expand
Nonsuicidal Self-Injury and Suicide: Differences Between Those With and Without Borderline Personality Disorder.
TLDR
Type and frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts in outpatients and findings suggest that NSSID/suicidal behavior disorder may account for self-injury outside of BPD. Expand
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