Motivation losses in small groups: a social dilemma analysis

@article{Kerr1983MotivationLI,
  title={Motivation losses in small groups: a social dilemma analysis},
  author={Norbert L. Kerr},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1983},
  volume={45},
  pages={819-828}
}
  • N. Kerr
  • Published 1 October 1983
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Theory developed to account for behavior in social dilemmas—situations in which - the rational pursuit of self-interest can lead to collective disaster—was applied to the analysis of group motivation losses. Two group motivation loss effects demonstrated in previous research, the social-loafing effect and the free-rider effect, were shown to follow from social dilemma theories. An experiment was performed to empirically demonstrate a third motivation loss effect, termed the sucker effect… 
Cooperating If One’s Goals Are Collective-Based: Social Identification Effects in Social Dilemmas as a Function of Goal Transformation
Prior studies of the effect of group identification on cooperation in social dilemmas have advanced 2 competing accounts: the goal-transformation hypothesis, which holds that identification makes
Cooperating If One's Goals are Collective-Based: Social Identification Effects in Social Dilemmas as a Function of Goal-Transformation
Prior studies of the effect of group identification on cooperation in social dilemmas have advanced 2 competing accounts: the goal-transformation hypothesis, which holds that identification makes
Motives relate to cooperation in social dilemmas but have an inconsistent association with leadership evaluation
TLDR
A need for interventions that increase appreciation of cooperative leaders is suggested, as a functional variant of the affiliation motive relates to verbal encouragement of cooperation, to fewer occurrences of oil spills, to higher ratings of transformational leadership and to fewer selfish business decisions.
Respect and Cooperation in Social Dilemmas: The Importance of Feeling Included
The present research examined the effect of respect communicated by fellow group members on one’s willingness to contribute to the group’s welfare. Based on the procedural justice literature, it was
Strategic Self-Regulation in Groups: Collective Implementation Intentions Help Cooperate When Cooperation Is Called for
TLDR
It is argued that individuals can use The authors-if-then plans (collective implementation intentions, cIIs) to regulate their group-directed behavior strategically, helping them to cooperate selectively with group members in the situation planned for.
Respect and Cooperation in Social Dilemmas: The Importance of Feeling Included
The present research examined the effect of respect communicated by fellow group members on one’s willingness to contribute to the group’s welfare. Based on the procedural justice literature, it was
Equity in Effort: The "Sucker Effect" in Co-Acting Groups
This research investigates the effects of negative social cues on worker quantitative task performance, internal work motivation, and job satisfaction. Negative social cues may create an effect
Social ostracism and group motivation gain
There is considerable evidence from the social loafing literature that groups can often undermine task motivation (relative to comparable individual performers). There is less but growing evidence
Gendered Ways to Motivation Gains in Groups
Recent studies have demonstrated motivation gains of low performing group members even beyond the level of an individual work baseline (e.g., Weber and Hertel, Journal of Personality and Social
Resisting the Temptation to Retaliate: Self-Control Promotes Cooperation in Mixed-Motive Interactions
This article provides a self-control analysis of mixed-motive interactions, including 2-person social dilemmas and bargaining encounters. We propose that mixed-motive interactions pose a self-control
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Dispensability of member effort and group motivation losses: Free-rider effects
Three experiments tested the hypothesis that group members exert less effort as the perceived dispensability of their efforts for group success increases. The resultant motivation losses were termed
Behavior, communication, and assumptions about other people's behavior in a commons dilemma situation.
Abstract : Two experiments investigated effects of communication on behavior in an 8-person commons dilemma of group versus individual gain. Subjects made a single choice involving a substantial
An experimental investigation of the free-rider problem
Abstract An experiment was conducted to test propositions drawn from a theory of rational decision-making propounded by Mancur Olson in The Logic of Collective Action. From Olson's theory it was
Self‐interest and collective action: The economics and psychology of public goods
Social psychology has become increasingly interested in problems posed by social dilemma situations such as ‘The Tragedy of the Commons’, where individuals acting in their own self-interest end up
Identifiability as a deterrant to social loafing: Two cheering experiments.
Two experiments tested the extent to which the identifiability of one's individual output moderates social loafing—the reduction of individual efforts due to the social presence of others. In the
THE NORM OF RECIPROCITY: A PRELIMINARY STATEMENT *
The manner in which the concept of reciprocity is implicated in functional theory is explored, enabling a reanalysis of the concepts of "survival" and "exploitation." The need to distinguish between
The Ringelmann effect: Studies of group size and group performance
Abstract Ringelmann's classic finding—that the addition of co-workers in a rope-pulling task leads to a linear decrement in the individual group member's average performance—was reexamined
A Theory of Social Comparison Processes
Hypothesis I: There exists, in the human organism, a drive to evaluate his opinions and his abilities. While opinions and abilities may, at first glance, seem to be quite different things, there is a
Experiments on the Provision of Public Goods. II. Provision Points, Stakes, Experience, and the Free-Rider Problem
Our recent experimental research called into question the predictive utility of the free-rider hypothesis regarding the provision of public goods by groups. However, several critical questions
Ringelmann Revisited
Recent work suggests that group members' motivation for certain types of tasks declines as group size increases. Two experiments examined alternative explanations for this effect. The results of the
...
1
2
...