Motivation for sport participation in older Italian athletes: the role of age, gender and competition level

  title={Motivation for sport participation in older Italian athletes: the role of age, gender and competition level},
  author={Roberta De Pero and Stefano Amici and Cinzia Benvenuti and Carlo Minganti and Laura Capranica and Caterina Pesce},
  journal={Sport Sciences for Health},
This study aimed at identifying whether age, competition level and gender influence motivation for sport participation in Italian senior athletes. Four hundred and thirty-three athletes aged 45–80 years participated in the study by completing the SMS questionnaire validated for this population. Separate scores for the 7 Extrinsic Motivation (EM), Intrinsic Motivation (IM) and Amotivation (AM) subscales of the SMS questionnaire, as well as a global self-determination index, were calculated… CONTINUE READING


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