Motivation and Second Language Acquisition


This paper posits four stages of language acquisition, identified as elemental, consolidation, conscious expression, and automaticity and thought, and considers the role of motivation in this process. It distinguishes between two types of motivation, language learning motivation and classroom motivation, indicating how these relate to two distinct contexts… (More)


4 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Gardner2007MotivationAS, title={Motivation and Second Language Acquisition}, author={Robert C. Gardner and Dan Koff and PORTA LINGUARUM}, year={2007} }