Motivating the academic mind: High-level construal of academic goals enhances goal meaningfulness, motivation, and self-concordance

  title={Motivating the academic mind: High-level construal of academic goals enhances goal meaningfulness, motivation, and self-concordance},
  author={William E Davis and Nicholas J. Kelley and Jinhyun Kim and David Tang and Joshua A. Hicks},
  journal={Motivation and Emotion},
How one thinks about or conceptualizes a goal has important consequences for the motivational features of goal pursuit. Two experiments tested the hypothesis, inspired by work on meaning in life, action identification theory, and expectancy-value theory, that high-level construal of an academic goal should enhance motivation to pursue that goal. In each experiment, we manipulated high-level versus low-level construal of an academic goal and assessed several variables related to the goal: the… Expand

Figures from this paper

How Meaning in Life Affects Goal Achievement
Previous research has found meaning in life (i.e., a sense of life purpose; MIL) relates to many adaptive benefits such as increased mood, motivation, and goal achievement. Hope theory posits thatExpand
The Role of Metamotivational Monitoring in Motivation Regulation
This article builds on existing models of motivation regulation in order to examine how students identify and address motivational deficits (e.g., not enough motivation or not the right type ofExpand
Motivational and Behavioral Impact of Possible Selves: When Specificity Matters
Two experiments examined the effects of general and specific possible selves on undergraduates’ academic self-efficacy and engagement. Based on findings in the field of autobiographical memory, weExpand
Construing action abstractly and experiencing autonomy: Implications for physical activity and diet
Mentally representing action in terms of abstract goals rather than concrete procedures has been found to facilitate self-regulation, including meeting health goals. The present research examinedExpand
Do Both Intrinsic and Identified Motivations Have Long-Term Effects?
Investigation of the longitudinal effects of intrinsic and identified motivation in the HSLS:09 data showed that intrinsic motivation was a long-term and effective enhancement agent on the subsequent academic performance, self-efficacy, identity, and course effort. Expand
Self-determined travel facilitation with mental construal priming
Abstract In order to encourage people with mobility impairments (PwMI) to become active tourists, it is crucial to enhance their self-determination for overcoming travel constraints. This studyExpand
Concrete Resolve: How Concrete Mindset Spurs Approach Motivation and Improves Task Persistence and Performance for Behaviourally Inhibited People
ion, goal persistence, and the BIS My guiding hypothesis is that concreteness boosts persistence for people high in stateor trait-BIS activation. Before developing that line of reasoning and theExpand
The effects of feedback valance and progress monitoring on goal striving
The current paper explores how people’s goal strivings are influenced by feedback (positively valenced vs. negatively valenced), progress monitoring (remaining vs. accumulated) and goal specificityExpand
Career Matters: Leveraging Positive Psychology to Guide Us to Good and Right Work
In order to live well, we should love what we do and feel that what we do is important. Some of us struggle with the difficulty of finding our way onto the right life path, while others navigate withExpand
Do Construal Levels Affect Athletes’ Imagery and Performance Outcomes? It Depends on the Task!
We investigated the hypothesis that an interaction of construal levels and task types would improve performance outcomes, mediated by imagery abstraction levels. In a pilot study (N = 30; tableExpand


Intrinsic Versus Extrinsic Goal Contents in Self-Determination Theory: Another Look at the Quality of Academic Motivation
Examination of motivational dynamics in academic contexts within self-determination theory has centered primarily around both the motives (initially intrinsic vs. extrinsic, later autonomous vs.Expand
Action-construal levels and perceived conflict among ongoing goals: Implications for positive affect
The present work tested whether increases in level of action construal would relate to perceiving greater concordance among one’s ongoing goals, thereby facilitating positive affect. In two studies,Expand
Goals: an approach to motivation and achievement.
A framework in which goals are proposed to be central determinants of achievement patterns was tested, showing the way in which the performance goal-low perceived ability condition produced the same pattern of strategy deterioration, failure attribution, and negative affect found in naturally occurring learned helplessness. Expand
Construing action abstractly and perceiving consonance among goal pursuits: Implications for activity substitutability and the accessibility of activity-goal links
Findings from five experiments show that high-level action construals, due to either increase in temporal distance or to self-regulatory mindsets, facilitate consonance among subjective evaluationsExpand
Clarifying achievement goals and their impact.
In 5 studies, including a longitudinal study in a difficult premed course, the authors show that the impact of learning and performance goals depends on how they are operationalized. Expand
Predictors and Consequences of Achievement Goals in the College Classroom: Maintaining Interest and Making the Grade
The authors investigated personality predictors of achievement goals in an introductory psychology class, as well as the consequences of these goals for the motivation and performance of 311Expand
Should goal-strivers think about “why” or “how” to strive? It depends on their skill level
The current studies attempted to increase individuals’ internalization of their own difficult or unpleasant goals, using either a low-level or a high-level writing intervention. Two writing studiesExpand
Goal striving, need satisfaction, and longitudinal well-being: the self-concordance model.
An integrative model of the conative process, which has important ramifications for psychological need satisfaction and hence for individuals' well-being, is presented and is shown to provide a satisfactory fit to 3 longitudinal data sets and to be independent of the effects of self-efficacy, implementation intentions, avoidance framing, and life skills. Expand
Self-concordance, goal attainment, and the pursuit of happiness: can there be an upward spiral?
The self-concordance model of healthy goal striving was used to examine the motivational processes by which people can increase their level of well-being during a period of time and then maintain the gain or perhaps increase it even further during the next period oftime. Expand
Expectancy-Value Theory of Achievement Motivation.
  • Wigfield, Eccles
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Contemporary educational psychology
  • 2000
The expectancy-value theory of motivation is discussed, focusing on an expectancy- value model developed and researched by Eccles, Wigfield, and their colleagues, and its components are compared to those of related constructs, including self-efficacy, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, and interest. Expand