Motivated Skepticism: Use of Differential Decision Criteria for Preferred and Nonpreferred Conclusions

@article{Ditto1992MotivatedSU,
  title={Motivated Skepticism: Use of Differential Decision Criteria for Preferred and Nonpreferred Conclusions},
  author={P. Ditto and D. F. Lopez},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1992},
  volume={63},
  pages={568-584}
}
Three experiments show that information consistent with a preferred conclusion is examined less critically than information inconsistent with a preferred conclusion, and consequently, less information is required to reach the former than the latter. In Study 1, Ss judged which of 2 students was most intelligent, believing they would work closely with the 1 they chose. Ss required less information to decide that a dislikable student was less intelligent than that he was more intelligent. In… Expand
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