Motivated Reasoning and Performance on the was on Selection Task

  title={Motivated Reasoning and Performance on the was on Selection Task},
  author={Erica Dawson and Thomas Gilovich and Dennis T. Regan},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  pages={1379 - 1387}
People tend to approach agreeable propositions with a bias toward confirmation and disagreeable propositions with a bias toward disconfirmation. Because the appropriate strategy for solving the four-card Wason selection task is to seek disconfirmation, the authors predicted that people motivated to reject a task rule should be more likely to solve the task than those without such motivation. In two studies, participants who considered a Wason task rule that implied their own early death (Study… 

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