Motility modes of Spiroplasma melliferum BC3: a helical, wall-less bacterium driven by a linear motor.

@article{Gilad2003MotilityMO,
  title={Motility modes of Spiroplasma melliferum BC3: a helical, wall-less bacterium driven by a linear motor.},
  author={Rami Gilad and Asher Porat and Shlomo Trachtenberg},
  journal={Molecular microbiology},
  year={2003},
  volume={47 3},
  pages={657-69}
}
Spiroplasma are members of the Mollicutes (Mycoplasma, Acholeplasma and Spiroplasma) - the simplest, minimal, free-living and self-replicating forms of life. The mollicutes are unique among bacteria in completely lacking cell walls and flagella and in having an internal, contractile cytoskeleton, which also functions as a linear motor. Spiroplasma are helical, chemotactic and viscotactic active swimmers. The Spiroplasmal cytoskeleton is a flat ribbon composed of seven pairs of fibrils. The… CONTINUE READING