Mother-infant relationships among free-ranging rhesus monkeys on Cayo Santiago: A comparison with captive pairs

  title={Mother-infant relationships among free-ranging rhesus monkeys on Cayo Santiago: A comparison with captive pairs},
  author={Carol M. Berman},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  • C. M. Berman
  • Published 1 August 1980
  • Psychology
  • Animal Behaviour

Responses of free-ranging rhesus monkeys to a natural form of social separation. I. Parallels with mother-infant separation in captivity.

It is suggested that basic parallels exist between the behavioral responses of rhesus infants to their mothers' resumption of mating in the field and to forcible separation from their mothers in captivity and that early separation experiences may play a role in the normal development or manifestation of sex differences in behavior.

Early infant development and maternal care in free-ranging vervet monkeys

The interactions of infant vervet monkeys with their mothers were examined during the first 12 weeks of life and it is suggested that since vervet mothers have access to allomothers they may not be limited to dichotomous mothering styles.

Mother-Offspring Relationship in Macaques

In the 1950s, research on free-ranging Japanese macaques started in several places, and included the provisioning and identification of monkeys, but systematic behavioral studies on mother-infant relationships or infant development were not conducted infree-ranging situations until the first half of the 1960s.

Proximity relationships within a birth cohort of immature Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata) in a free‐ranging group during the first four years of life

The proximity relationships among immature Japanese monkeys seem to be formed under the influence of social relationships between the mothers, which are largely a reflection of those between their mothers.

Infant handling enhances social bonds in free-ranging rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta)

Throughout the primate order, individuals are highly motivated to handle infants that are not their own. Given the differing and often conflicting interests of the various participants in handling

Development of Mother-Infant Relationships and Infant Behavior in Wild Blue Monkeys (Cercopithecus mitis stuhlmanni)

The rate at which blue monkey infants attained independence from their mothers resembled that of similar sized terrestrial species, but was faster than the few arboreal cercopithecine species that have been studied to date.

The social development of an orphaned rhesus infant on Cayo Santiago: Male care, foster mother‐orphan interaction and peer interaction

  • C. M. Berman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    American journal of primatology
  • 1982
Through adjustments on the part of both the foster mother and the orphan, their patterns of interaction gradually came to resemble those of mothers and infants of the same age.



Differences in the mother-infant relations of squirrel monkeys housed in social and restricted environments.

  • J. Kaplan
  • Psychology
    Developmental psychobiology
  • 1972
Mother and infant squirrel monkeys were housed together in either a group or a restricted environment until the infants were approximately 22 weeks of age. Observations of the mothers' and infants'

Primiparous and multiparous monkey mothers in a mildly stressful social situation: First three months

Eight primiparous rhesus monkey mothers were matched with 8 multiparous rhesus monkey mothers with regard to date of delivery and sex of infant. Each mother was housed and tested individually with

Influence of Spatial Environment On Development of Mother-Infant Interaction in Pigtail Monkeys

Three groups of infant pigtail monkeys (Macaca nemestrina) were observed for the first 24 weeks of life: Group G consisted of 3 mother-infant pairs living in a heterogeneous social group of 20

Night observations of free-ranging Rhesus monkeys.

  • S. Vessey
  • Psychology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1973
Distribution of monkeys in a group at night reflects daytime associations, and fights at night were twice as frequent during the breeding season.


  • P. Jay
  • Biology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1962
By investigating the basis of maternal behavior in rhesus macaqiws, Harlow has demonstrated that a baby monkey automatically clings, preferably to an object of texture similar to a mother monkey, and that the infant raised in isolation does not develop normal patterns of social behavior.

Some factors influencing the effects of temporary mother-infant separation: some experiments with rhesus monkeys

The nature of the separation experience had a profound effect on the infant's response: infants left in a familiar environment while their mothers were removed showed marked but brief ‘protest’ and then profound ‘despair’, whilst infants removed to a strange cage showed more prolonged ‘ Protest’.