Mother-child mutually responsive orientation and conscience development: from toddler to early school age.

  title={Mother-child mutually responsive orientation and conscience development: from toddler to early school age.},
  author={Grazyna Kochanska and Kathleen T. Murray},
  journal={Child development},
  volume={71 2},
We examined whether positive implications of mother-child mutually responsive orientation, demonstrated earlier at toddler and preschool age, extend longitudinally into early school age. The focus of the present study was on the long-term consequences of mutually responsive orientation for the development of conscience. Mutually responsive orientation encompassed shared cooperation and shared positive affect between mother and child. It was measured as a composite of those qualities observed in… 

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