Mother's face recognition in newborn infants: learning and memory

@article{Bushnell2001MothersFR,
  title={Mother's face recognition in newborn infants: learning and memory},
  author={I. W. R. Bushnell},
  journal={Infant and Child Development},
  year={2001},
  volume={10},
  pages={67-74}
}
  • I. Bushnell
  • Published 2001
  • Psychology
  • Infant and Child Development
Two studies are reported that address issues related to memory for faces in young infants. The first correlates the opportunity to view the mother's face with expressed visual preference for that face, and shows that very little exposure is required, with greater levels of exposure showing stronger preferences. The second study examines the role of delay between exposure to the mother's face and preference testing, finding that strength of preference is not significantly impacted by a 15-min… Expand

Figures from this paper

Development of Recognition Memory for Faces During Infancy
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that even newborn infants have the ability to recognize faces they have seen previously. Here, findings on recognition memory for faces duringExpand
Face Recognition in Preschool-Aged Children
The current literature on children’s recognition of faces typically uses static faces as opposed to dynamic, moving faces (e.g., Brace, Hole, Kemp, Pike, Van Duuren, & Norgate, 2001; Freire & Lee,Expand
Face preference in infancy and its relation to motor activity
Infants’ preference for faces was investigated in a cross-sectional sample of 75 children, aged 3 to 11 months, and 23 adults. A visual preference paradigm was used where pairs of faces and toys wereExpand
Memory for Faces in Infants: A Comparison to the Memory for Objects
  • R. Morimoto, K. Hashiya
  • Psychology
  • Proceedings. The 4nd International Conference on Development and Learning, 2005.
  • 2005
Memory for faces and objects was investigated in 8- to 10-month infants. As the experience for memorizing the target face or object, face-to-face interactions between infant and experimenter inExpand
Face recognition in infants: A review of behavioral and near‐infrared spectroscopic studies
Recent developmental studies investigating face recognition ability in infants’ have provided evidence not only that infants show selective attention to faces, but also that they can discriminateExpand
Age-related face processing bias in infancy: evidence of perceptual narrowing for adult faces.
TLDR
Results provide the first evidence of age-related face processing biases in infancy, and show that by 9 months face representations tune to adult human faces. Expand
Newborns' recognition of changing and unchanging aspects of schematic faces.
TLDR
Newborns' ability to discriminate, recognize, and learn visual information embedded in the schematic face-like patterns preferred at birth are investigated, showing that the presence of the preferred structure that schematically defines a face does not constitute a limit that constrains newborns' face learning processes. Expand
Recognition of unfamiliar talking faces at birth
Sai (2005) investigated the role of speech in newborns’ recognition of their mothers’ faces. Her results revealed that, when presented with both their mother’s face and that of a stranger, newbornsExpand
Newborns' face recognition: role of inner and outer facial features.
TLDR
The current study showed that either the inner or outer features of the face can act as sufficient cues for newborns' face recognition, but the outer part of the faces enjoys an advantage over the inner part. Expand
Holistic processing in mother's face perception for infants.
TLDR
The composite-face effect occurred only in infants aged 7-8 months, suggesting that infants older than 7 months are able to process familiar faces holistically. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Mother's face recognition by neonates: A replication and an extension
Abstract Previous experimenters have found that 4-day-old neonates look longer at their mother's face than at a stranger's face. We have replicated this finding under conditions where the infants areExpand
Mother-stranger face discrimination by the newborn
Newborn infants discriminate their mother's face from the face of a stranger shortly after birth. The neonates (M age=45 hours) showed an initial preference for their mother's face. The mother's faceExpand
Neonatal recognition of the mother's face
Three experiments are described which investigated the ability of neonates to discriminate between the face of their mother and that of a strange adult female and to show face recognition. The firstExpand
Visual Perceptual Abilities at Birth: Implications for Face Perception
The face is one of the most complex stimuli experienced by the human infant. It displays complex types of movement, is three-dimensional, contains areas of high contrast, contains features thatExpand
Newborns Form “Prototypes” in Less Than 1 Minute
Past research demonstrated that newborns looked longer at live faces and two-dimensional still images of the mother than at the faces and images of strangers (Bushnell, Sai, & Mullin, 1989; Field,Expand
Innate and learned perceptual abilities in the newborn infant
TLDR
Evidence is presented suggesting that innate capacities, or modules, facilitate and direct early learning in order to allow newborn infants to understand their newly encountered world. Expand
Recognition memory in 3- to 4-day-old human neonates.
TLDR
It is established that this recognition memory is present in human infants as early as postnatal day 3 when a 2-min retention interval is used, and that the medial temporal structure involved in adult visual memory is operating at birth. Expand
CONSPEC and CONLERN: a two-process theory of infant face recognition.
TLDR
Evidence from newborns leads to the conclusion that infants are born with some information about the structure of faces, which guides the preference for facelike patterns found in newborn infants, and a distinction between these 2 independent mechanisms allows a reconciliation of the conflicting data on the development of face recognition in human infants. Expand
Organization of face and object recognition in modular neural network models
There is strong evidence that face processing in the brain is localized. The double dissociation between prosopagnosia, a face recognition deficit occurring after brain damage, and visual objectExpand
[Reaction of the newborn infant less than 2 hours after birth to the maternal voice].
TLDR
A fetal perception of external sounds in demonstrated and evidence of a prenatal experience of the mother's voice, possibly involved in the process of attachment, is provided. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...