Moth Sounds and the Insect-Catching Behavior of Bats

  title={Moth Sounds and the Insect-Catching Behavior of Bats},
  author={Dorothy C. Dunning and Kenneth D. Roeder},
  pages={173 - 174}
Captive bats trained to catch mealworms tossed in midair turned away from most of these targets when simultaneously confronted with a recorded train of the ultrasonic pulses generated by an Arctiid moth. When similarly exposed to the recorded echolocation pulses of another bat, presented at the same intensity as the "moth" sounds, they were not so affected. 
Echolocation, Insect Hearing, and Feeding Ecology of Insectivorous Bats
To obtain a complete picture of the feeding ecology of insectivorous bats requires, among other things, a detailed knowledge of the actions of individuals, where they hunt, what they catch relative
Interception of Flying Insects by Bats
The sonar sounds emitted by a bat searching for a flying insect are often quite different from the sounds emitted to determine the location or identity of a target that already has been detected.
Interactions between bats and arctiid moths
Free-flying arctiid moths changed their flight paths less in response to trains of ultrasonic pulses than did moths of other families similarly capable of hearing these signals.
Phenology of sound-producing arctiid moths and the activity of insectivorous bats
By examining the incidence of some silent and sound-producing Nearctic arctiids and its relationship to ambient levels of bat activity, some of those influences can be demonstrated and may act as aposematic cues to discourage nocturnal, ultrasonically sensitive predators such as bats.
Audition in spring species of arctiid moths as a possible response to differential levels of insectivorous bat predation
We used neurophysiological analyses to determine that arctiid moths which emerge, as adults, during the spring possess tympanic organs responsive to ultrasonic stimuli similar to the echolocation s...
Ultrasonic mate calling in the lesser wax moth
The lesser wax moth, Achroia grisella (Fabricius) (Pyralidae: Galleriinae), uses an altrasonic communication system for mate calling that induces virgin females to orient toward males.
Tiger Moth Jams Bat Sonar
Using ultrasonic recording and high-speed infrared videography of bat-moth interactions, it is shown that the palatable tiger moth Bertholdia trigona defends against attacking big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) using ultrasonic clicks that jam bat sonar.
The adaptive function of tiger moth clicks against echolocating bats: an experimental and synthetic approach
These findings support the hypotheses that the clicks of arctiid moths are both an active defence (through echolocation disruption) and a reliable indicator of chemical defence against aerial-hawking bats.
Ultrasonic Clicks Produced by the Peacock Butterfly: A Possible Bat-Repellent Mechanism
Torpid peacock butterflies produce intense ultrasonic clicks that startle captive vespertilionid bats and may serve as acoustic equivalents of the attack-retarding eyespot display in the same species.


The Response to Sound in Certain Lepidoptera
There is little doubt that many nocturnal Lepidoptera are sensitive to airborne vibrations of high or of ultrasonic frequency, and that the reactions are mediated by the tympanic organs.
The generation of ultrasonic signals by a New World arctiid moth
The sounds generated by the metathoracic tymbal organs of the arctiid moth Meles laodamia Druce are described and related to their structure and the acoustic performance is compared to that of a simple mechanical model.
Medical Sciences, and partly by grant No. AI-00947 from the Institute of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology
  • White and from B. A. Kovacs and his colleagues on this subject [Science 146,
  • 1964
Webster for all his help and for the use of his laboratory, without which this work could not have been done
  • This study was supported by PHS fellowship No. 5-F1-18,991 from the Institute of General Medical Sciences, and partly by grant No. AI-00947 from the Institute of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology