Mosquitoes in urban green spaces: using an island biogeographic approach to identify drivers of species richness and composition

@article{MedeirosSousa2017MosquitoesIU,
  title={Mosquitoes in urban green spaces: using an island biogeographic approach to identify drivers of species richness and composition},
  author={Ant{\^o}nio Ralph Medeiros-Sousa and Aristides Fernandes and Walter Ceretti-Junior and Andr{\'e} Barreto Bruno Wilke and Mauro Toledo Marrelli},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
  year={2017},
  volume={7}
}
Mosquitoes are well known for their epidemiological importance as vectors of a wide range of human pathogens. Despite the many studies on medically important species, little is known about the diversity patterns of these insects in urban green spaces, which serve as shelter and refuge for many native and invasive species. Here, we investigate drivers of mosquito richness and composition in nine urban parks in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Using the equilibrium theory of island biogeography, we… Expand
Effects of landscape anthropization on sylvatic mosquito assemblages in a rainforest in Chiapas, Mexico.
TLDR
It is suggested that landscape anthropization alters the composition and structure of mosquito assemblages, modifying the abundance and species richness of mosquitoes associated with sylvatic ecosystems, which could support the hypothesis of intermediate disturbance that suggests the diversity is maximized when late and early successional species coexist in these ecosystems. Expand
Habitat and Seasonality Affect Mosquito Community Composition in the West Region of Cameroon
TLDR
This entomological survey provides a catalogue of the different mosquito species that may be involved in the transmission of arboviruses and further investigations are needed to study the vectorial capacity of each mosquito species inArbovirus transmission. Expand
Temporal and Spatial Blood Feeding Patterns of Urban Mosquitoes in the San Juan Metropolitan Area, Puerto Rico
TLDR
DNA from freshly blood-fed mosquitoes was used to characterize the diversity of vertebrate host species in the San Juan Metropolitan Area, Puerto Rico and identify a variety of native and nonnative wild species. Expand
Anthropogenic landscape decreases mosquito biodiversity and drives malaria vector proliferation in the Amazon rainforest
Inter-relationships among mosquito vectors, Plasmodium parasites, human ecology, and biotic and abiotic factors, drive malaria risk. Specifically, rural landscapes shaped by human activities have aExpand
Simplification of vector communities during suburban succession
TLDR
It is demonstrated that suburbanization is disrupting mosquito communities so severely that they do not recover their diversity even 100 years after the initial disturbance, which is significant for vector-borne disease transmission in highly suburbanized areas. Expand
Influence of landscape composition and configuration on the richness and abundance of potential sylvatic yellow fever vectors in a remnant of Atlantic Forest in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.
The landscape's structure can play a relevant role in epidemic patterns of arboviruses, influencing factors such as abundance, movement, and dispersal ability in arthropod vectors and vertebrateExpand
The influence of anthropogenic habitat fragmentation on the genetic structure and diversity of the malaria vector Anopheles cruzii (Diptera: Culicidae)
TLDR
The results pointed to the presence of significant genetic structure between sympatric An. Expand
Effects of landscape composition on mosquito population in urban green spaces
Abstract Despite the fact that urban green spaces provide multiple benefits to urban residents, they have some negative effects on people, such as mosquito bites which not only cause major nuisanceExpand
Urban farms in Miami-Dade county, Florida have favorable environments for vector mosquitoes
TLDR
Survey of urban farms in Miami-Dade County, Florida shows that urban farms provide favorable conditions for populations of vector mosquito species by providing a wide range of essential resources such as larval habitats, suitable outdoor resting sites, sugar-feeding centers, and available hosts for blood-feeding. Expand
Infection risk varies within urbanized landscapes: the case of coyotes and heartworm
TLDR
The findings suggest that urbanization may affect host exposure to vectors of D. immitis, that risk of infection can vary within urbanized landscapes, and that urbanized–wildlife infection associations may only be detected for animals with certain characteristics. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 97 REFERENCES
Effects of landscape anthropization on mosquito community composition and abundance
TLDR
Mosquito abundance and species richness were greater in natural and rural areas than in urban areas, and environmental factors including land use, vegetation and hydrological characteristics were related to mosquito abundance and community composition. Expand
Diversity and abundance of mosquitoes (Diptera:Culicidae) in an urban park: larval habitats and temporal variation.
TLDR
Investigation of the influence of larval habitats and seasonal factors on the diversity and abundance of Culicidae fauna in Anhanguera Park, one of the largest remaining green areas in the city of São Paulo finds significant relationships were observed between abundance and seasonality. Expand
Insects and the city: what island biogeography tells us about insect conservation in urban areas
TLDR
The equilibrium theory of island biogeography (ETIB) may represent a useful framework for urban conservation, especially for small animals like insects, if the roles of other factors, such as the surrounding landscape, the specific needs of the species under study, and the history of the urbanization process are taken into account. Expand
Species richness in urban parks and its drivers: A review of empirical evidence
There is growing recognition of urban areas as hosts for innovative ways to conserve and promote biodiversity. Parks, as one specific type of urban green space, constitute particularly importantExpand
Climatic variability and landscape heterogeneity impact urban mosquito diversity and vector abundance and infection
TLDR
It is found that heterogeneity in the landscape was the best predictor of both mosquito species richness and diversity, with the most heterogeneous landscapes harboring the largest number of species. Expand
Mosquito Vector Diversity across Habitats in Central Thailand Endemic for Dengue and Other Arthropod-Borne Diseases
TLDR
The relative abundance of key vector species, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus, was negatively correlated with diversity, suggesting that direct species interactions and/or habitat-mediated factors differentially affecting invasive disease vectors may be important mechanisms linking biodiversity loss to human health. Expand
Urban biogeography
TLDR
It was found that area alone was the best predictor of species richness, suggesting that increased area acts primarily to reduce extinction rates rather than to provide new habitats for specialized species. Expand
Urban Biodiversity: Patterns, Processes and Implications for Conservation
TLDR
Contrary to the prevailing notion that bird abundances usually increase in cities, studies reporting increases or decreases ofBird abundances in cities are about equal, contrary to conventional wisdom of increased bird abundance in cities. Expand
BIRDS AND BUTTERFLIES ALONG AN URBAN GRADIENT: SURROGATE TAXA FOR ASSESSING BIODIVERSITY?
This study examines whether birds and butterflies may be used as surrogates for one another in assessing biodiversity at the community level. To do this, I compared the distribution and abundance ofExpand
Nested patterns in urban butterfly species assemblages: respective roles of plot management, park layout and landscape features
Increasing numbers of cities are currently developing sustainable policies aimed at promoting urban biodiversity and ecological dynamics through the planning of green networks and the implementationExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...