Moscow and St. Petersburg, a sequence of capitals, a tale of two cities

@article{Gritsai2000MoscowAS,
  title={Moscow and St. Petersburg, a sequence of capitals, a tale of two cities},
  author={Olga V. Gritsai and Herman van der Wusten},
  journal={GeoJournal},
  year={2000},
  volume={51},
  pages={33-45}
}
From early modern times until the present, Russia (temporarily extended to the USSR) had two capital cities: Moscow and Petersburg. Moscow was the original capital, it was succeeded by Petersburg from the beginning of the 18th century. From the early 20th century onward Moscow again became the capital, but it became a different kind of capital at the end of the 20th century. The paper describes the evolution of the representation of the state function in the appearance of the capital cities by… 
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