Mosaics of convergences and noise in morphological phylogenies: what's in a viverrid-like carnivoran?

  title={Mosaics of convergences and noise in morphological phylogenies: what's in a viverrid-like carnivoran?},
  author={Philippe Gaubert and W. Chris Wozencraft and Pedro Cordeiro-Estrela and G{\'e}raldine Veron},
  journal={Systematic biology},
  volume={54 6},
Adaptive convergence in morphological characters has not been thoroughly investigated, and the processes by which phylogenetic relationships may be misled by morphological convergence remains unclear. We undertook a case study on the morphological evolution of viverrid-like feliformians (Nandinia, Cryptoprocta, Fossa, Eupleres, Prionodon) and built the largest morphological matrix concerning the suborder Feliformia to date. A total of 349 characters grouped into four anatomical partitions were… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Phylogeny of the Procyonidae (Mammalia: Carnivora): molecules, morphology and the Great American Interchange.

Multi‐gene phylogeny of the pantropical subfamily Chrysophylloideae (Sapotaceae): evidence of generic polyphyly and extensive morphological homoplasy

A molecular phylogeny of 26 out of the 28 currently accepted genera in the subfamily Chrysophylloideae (Sapotaceae) using parsimony, parsimony jackknifing, and Bayesian inference suggests that the segregate genera Aningeria, Malacantha, and Martiusella may ultimately be resurrected, and probably also Donella and Gambeya, but their circumscriptions are still unclear.

Phylogeny of the great cats (Felidae: Pantherinae), and the influence of fossil taxa and missing characters

  • P. Christiansen
  • Biology, Geography
    Cladistics : the international journal of the Willi Hennig Society
  • 2008
This study presents the results of a cladistic study encompassing 45 osteological and dental characters in the skull and mandible, as well as 13 soft‐tissue and behavioural characters, which show the clouded leopard is the most basal pantherine, followed by the snow leopard.

Testing the phylogenetic utility of morphological character systems, with a revision of Creophilus Leach (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae)

Using the Creophilus complex, the phylogenetic utility of external structural characters, male genitalia, female genitalIA, and chaetotaxy of adults is examined for the first time in the megadiverse beetle family Staphylinidae.

Phylogeny of the large extinct South American Canids (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae) using a “total evidence” approach

The combination of the phylogenetic analyses, the fossil record and divergence dates estimated in previous works suggests that at least three or four independent lineages of the “South American clade” invaded South America after the establishment of the Panama bridge around 3 million years ago, plus other events corresponding to the immigration of Urocyon and Canis dirus.

Phylogeny of Arvicolinae (Mammalia, Cricetidae): utility of morphological and molecular data sets in a recently radiating clade

To inspect the phylogenetic ‘behaviour’ of individual taxa, basic maximum‐parsimony and Bayesian phylogenetic analyses were accompanied by experiments based on different data‐partition combinations, ‘slow–fast’ character weighting, and inclusion/exclusion of individual problematic taxa.

Mandible shape in marsupial and placental carnivorous mammals: a morphological comparative study using geometric morphometrics

The optimization of mandible shape on the phylogenetic tree indicates that functional aspects, such as diet, are a key factor in the evolution of the carnivore mandible, but also that there is a phylogenetic pattern that cannot be explained by differences in diet alone.

A New Basal Caniform (Mammalia: Carnivora) from the Middle Eocene of North America and Remarks on the Phylogeny of Early Carnivorans

Lycophocyon hutchisoni illuminates the morphological evolution of early caniforms leading to the origin of crown-group canoids and suggests that loss of the upper third molars and development of well-ossified entotympanics that are firmly fused to the basicranium are not associated with theorigin of the Carnivora as traditionally thought, but instead occurred independently in the Caniformia and the Feliformia.

Title Combined Analysis of Extant Rhynchonellida ( Brachiopoda ) using Morphological and Molecular Data Permalink

Rhynchonellide brachiopods, with more than 500 extinct genera but only 19 extant genera represented today, provide an opportunity to explore the factors that produce contentious phylogenetic signal across datasets, as previous phylogenetic hypotheses generated from molecular sequence data bear little agreement with those constructed using morphological characters.

Evolution of morphological integration in the skull of Carnivora (Mammalia): Changes in Canidae lead to increased evolutionary potential of facial traits

The results show that carnivoran species are able to respond to natural selection in a very similar way to humans, and Canidae differed from other families by having higher integration, evolvability, flexibility, and allometric coefficients on the facial region.



Genets and ‘genet‐like’ taxa (Carnivora, Viverrinae): phylogenetic analysis, systematics and biogeographic implications

A rain forest origin of the genus Genetta supports an ecological transition from the rain forest genets to the savanna genets, a conclusion which may be generalized to the entire study group.

Phylogeny of the Platyhelminthes and the evolution of parasitism

The combined evidence solution for the phylogeny of fiatworms based on 18S rDNA and morphology is used to interpret morphological and life-history data and to support a model for the evolution and radiation of neodermatan parasites in the group.

Phylogenetic signal in the COI, 16S, and 28S genes for inferring relationships among genera of Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera; Braconidae): evidence of a high diversification rate in this group of parasitoids.

It is suggested that the lack of phylogenetic signal observed is an indication of the presence of many short internal branches on the phylogeny being estimated, which in turn might be the result of a rapid diversification of the taxa examined.

Genets (Carnivora, Viverridae) in Africa: an evolutionary synthesis based on cytochrome b sequences and morphological characters

Divergence estimates based on cyt b revealed that splitting events within genets partly follow a climatic speciation model during the cyclical periods of the Quaternary, although ‘primitive’ rain forest lineages diverged earlier, during the Late Miocene and Early Pliocene.

Exhaustive sample set among Viverridae reveals the sister-group of felids: the linsangs as a case of extreme morphological convergence within Feliformia

  • P. GaubertG. Veron
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 2003
The morphotype reappearance from the Asiatic to the African linsangs suggests that the genome of the Feliformia conserved its potential ability of expression for a peculiar adaptive phenotype throughout evolution, in this case arboreality and hypercarnivory in tropical forest.

When are phylogenetic analyses misled by convergence? A case study in Texas cave salamanders.

Criteria that can be used to infer whether or not a phylogenetic analysis has been misled by convergence is proposed and applied in a study of central Texas cave salamanders (genus Eurycea).

Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia)

A complete phylogeny for all 271 extant species of the Garnivora is derived, providing a ‘consensus’ estimate of carnivore phylogeny and showing that some lineages within the Mustelinae and Canidae contain significantly more species than expected for their age, illustrating the tree's utility for studies of macroevolution.

Incongruence Between Morphological Data Sets: An Example from the Evolution of Endoparasitism Among Parasitic Wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Phylogenetic analyses of molecular and morphological data sets for a group of parasitic wasps show convergence among morphological characters resulting from shared life history strategy, and it is proposed that this result is caused by convergence among MorphologicalCharacters resulting from Shared lifehistory strategy.

Microbat paraphyly and the convergent evolution of a key innovation in Old World rhinolophoid microbats

Molecular phylogenies challenge the view that bats belong to the superordinal group Archonta, which also includes primates, tree shrews, and flying lemurs. Some molecular studies also challenge