Morton's ranking of races by cranial capacity. Unconscious manipulation of data may be a scientific norm.

@article{Gould1978MortonsRO,
  title={Morton's ranking of races by cranial capacity. Unconscious manipulation of data may be a scientific norm.},
  author={Stephen J. Gould},
  journal={Science},
  year={1978},
  volume={200 4341},
  pages={
          503-9
        }
}
Samuel George Morton, self-styled objective empiricist, amassed the world's largest pre-Darwinian collection of human skulls. He measured their capacity and produced the results anticipated in an age when few Caucasians doubted their innate superiority: whites above Indians, blacks at the bottom. Morton published all his raw data, and it is shown here that his summary tables are based on a patchwork of apparently unconscious finagling. When his data are properly reinterpreted, all races have… CONTINUE READING

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The Leopard's Spots: Scientific Attitudes Towards Race in America

  • W. Stanton
  • (Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago,
  • 1960
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