Mortality in female horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) from biomedical bleeding and handling: implications for fisheries management

@article{Leschen2010MortalityIF,
  title={Mortality in female horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) from biomedical bleeding and handling: implications for fisheries management},
  author={Alison S. Leschen and Steven J. Correia},
  journal={Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology},
  year={2010},
  volume={43},
  pages={135 - 147}
}
Horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) are bled for biomedical purposes to produce Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL), a valuable material used to detect endotoxins in medical devices and implants. Previous studies generally found mortality from the bleeding process of 5–15% with one study reporting 29% for females; the 15% value is now used for management purposes. However, most of these studies looked only at males, did not mimic handling practices typical of the biomedical facility in… Expand
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Horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) are caught by commercial fishermen for use as bait in eel and whelk fisheries with an annual economic value of $13 to $17 million. Expand
Potential causes of mortality for horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) during the biomedical bleeding process
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Limulus amebocyte lysate, a clotting agent derived solely from horseshoe crab blood cells, is the most effective test for detecting endotoxin contamination, and its increasing use in medical and pharmaceutical laboratories makes it a highly valued product. Expand
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