Mortality in Iraq

@article{GuhaSapir2007MortalityII,
  title={Mortality in Iraq},
  author={Debarati Guha-Sapir and Olivier Degomme and Jon Pedersen},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2007},
  volume={369}
}

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References

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TLDR
The problems presented by this reported rapid interviewing rate are described: inadequacy of the timeframe, likely compromise to data validity, increased risk to interviewees, and the improbability of maintaining ethical standards for academic epidemiological research.

Annual mortality rates and excess deaths of children under five in Iraq, 1991-98

TLDR
The number of 'excess' under-5 deaths in Iraq between 1991 and 1998 was calculated assuming that, instead of the rates measured by the 1999 survey for this period, either (a) average mortality rates for the period 1986-90 had been maintained, or (b) mortality had continued to decline at the rate observed between 1974 and 1990.

Bias in Epidemiological Studies of Conflict Mortality

Cluster sampling has recently been used to estimate the mortality in various conflicts around the world. The Burnham et al. study on Iraq employs a new variant of this cluster sampling methodology.

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This study will reliably document not only the underlying cause of child and adult deaths but also key risk factors (behavioral, physical, environmental, and eventually, genetic) and strengthens India's flagship mortality monitoring system.