• Corpus ID: 30161293

Mortality , Senescence , and Life Span

  title={Mortality , Senescence , and Life Span},
  author={Michael D. Gurven}

Epigenetic ageing of the prefrontal cortex and cerebellum in humans and chimpanzees

Comparative data on epigenetic brain ageing for chimpanzees and humans is added to help understand which aspects of human ageing are evolutionarily conserved or specific to the authors' species, especially given that humans are distinguished by a long lifespan, large brain, and, potentially, more severe neurodegeneration with age.

Healthy cardiovascular biomarkers across the lifespan in wild-born chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)

Examination of cardiovascular profiles in chimpanzees living in African sanctuaries found that semi-free-ranging chimpanzees exhibited lower body weight and lower levels of lipids that are risk factors for human cardiovascular disease, and that some of these disparities increased with age.

Human uniqueness illustrated by life history diversity among small-scale societies and chimpanzees

Humans differ from chimpanzees more because of delayed maturity and adult mortality than child mortality or fertility rates, and in both species, high child mortality reflects bet-hedging costs of quality/quantity tradeoffs borne by offspring.

WEIRD bodies: mismatch, medicine and missing diversity.

  • M. GurvenD. Lieberman
  • Biology
    Evolution and human behavior : official journal of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society
  • 2020

Age-Related Patterns in Sexual Behaviors and Attitudes Among Single U.S. Adults: An Evolutionary Approach

While a large body of research has sought to understand human longevity and caregiving (e.g., the grandmother hypothesis) from an evolutionary life history perspective, this same view has rarely been



Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Aging

Biomarkers of Caloric Restriction May Predict Longevity in Humans

The most robust intervention for slowing aging and maintaining health and function in animals is dietary caloric restriction (CR), and data accumulating from rhesus monkeys suggest that CR may also be associated with age-related decline in animals.


It is demonstrated numerically that the duration of evolved postreproductive life span is indeed expected to increase with variability in life span duration, and brings along the novel idea that loose canalization of a trait (here, somatic life span) can itself act as a selective pressure on other traits.

Human adaptation to the control of fire

The role of fire in increasing the net caloric value of cooked foods compared to raw foods, and hence in accounting for the unique pattern of human digestion, is considered.

Heart disease is common in humans and chimpanzees, but is caused by different pathological processes

Histopathology data of affected chimpanzee hearts from two primate centers, and analysis of literature indicate that sudden death in chimpanzees (and in gorillas and orangutans) is commonly associated with diffuse interstitial myocardial fibrosis of unknown cause.

Female reproductive competition within families in rural Gambia

It is argued that cultural norms surrounding residence and marriage are themselves cultural adaptations to reduce reproductive conflict between generations in human families and could be influencing reproductive scheduling whatever the dispersal pattern.

Broken Limits to Life Expectancy

The evidence presented in the Policy Forum suggests otherwise, and Mortality experts have repeatedly asserted that life expectancy is close to an ultimate ceiling; these experts have been proven wrong.

Anthrax kills wild chimpanzees in a tropical rainforest

It is shown that anthrax can be found in wild non-human primates living in a tropical rainforest, a habitat not previously known to harbour B. anthracis, and through bushmeat consumption also pose a hazard to human health.