Sperm motility and morphology changes in rats exposed to cadmium and diazinon
Both the study and the relationship between sperm design and sperm function have been a target of several researchers. In our study we have evaluated the relationship between the morphometry of sperm head and midpiece as well as the relationship between morphometry of these two spermatic components and sperm motion characteristics in the boar. Analysis of regression (lineal and multiple) and principal components analysis were used for the study of these relationships. Semen samples from five Iberian boars were taken for analysis. Analysis of morphometry was assessed by CASMA system and motility by CASA system. Sperm midpiece showed a significant relationship (positive or negative, depending on the morphometric parameter evaluated) with sperm head. VSL, LIN, STR, BCF and VAP showed a significant relationship with several head and midpiece morphometric parameters. Finally, through the analysis of multiple lineal regression we obtained several statistical models that predict STR, LIN, VCL, ALH, BCF, PC1 and PC2 (the last two variables have been obtained from a principal components analysis) as a function of one, two or three morphometric parameters. Our results suggest a co-evolution of sperm head and midpiece and in addition that sperm motion characteristics of porcine spermatozoa are influenced by morphometry of head and midpiece.