Morphometric analysis and biogeography of Apis koschevnikovi Enderlein (1906)

  title={Morphometric analysis and biogeography of Apis koschevnikovi Enderlein (1906)},
  author={S. Hadisoesilo and Rika Raffiudin and Wirian Susanti and Tri Atmowidi and Colleen Hepburn and Sarah E. Radloff and Stefan Fuchs and H. Randall Hepburn},
Multivariate morphometric analyses were performed on workers of Apis koschevnikovi from throughout their distribution in Malaysia, Borneo and Indonesia. Principal component analysis showed one morphocluster comprising bees from Kalimantan Indonesia, Sarawak, Sabah and the Malay Peninsula. The population is more homogeneous than A. cerana over the same geographical area, as seen from the average coefficient of variation in 12 characters in A. koschevnikovi (1.8%) compared to those same… 

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