Morphology and experimental hydrodynamics of fish fin control surfaces

@article{Lauder2004MorphologyAE,
  title={Morphology and experimental hydrodynamics of fish fin control surfaces},
  author={George V. Lauder and Eliot G. Drucker},
  journal={IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering},
  year={2004},
  volume={29},
  pages={556-571}
}
Over the past 520 million years, the process of evolution has produced a diversity of nearly 25000 species of fish. This diversity includes thousands of different fin designs which are largely the product of natural selection for locomotor performance. Fish fins can be grouped into two major categories: median and paired fins. Fins are typically supported at their base by a series of segmentally arranged bony or cartilaginous elements, and fish have extensive muscular control over fin… 

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