Morphology and dynamics of the upper cloud layer of Venus

@article{Markiewicz2007MorphologyAD,
  title={Morphology and dynamics of the upper cloud layer of Venus},
  author={Wojciech J. Markiewicz and D. V. Titov and Sanjay S. Limaye and H. Uwe Keller and Nikolay I. Ignatiev and Ralf Jaumann and Nicolas Thomas and Harald Michalik and Richard Moissl and Pedro Russo},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2007},
  volume={450},
  pages={633-636}
}
Venus is completely covered by a thick cloud layer, of which the upper part is composed of sulphuric acid and some unknown aerosols. The cloud tops are in fast retrograde rotation (super-rotation), but the factors responsible for this super-rotation are unknown. Here we report observations of Venus with the Venus Monitoring Camera on board the Venus Express spacecraft. We investigate both global and small-scale properties of the clouds, their temporal and latitudinal variations, and derive wind… 

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