Morphological and chemical analysis of male scent organs in the butterfly genus Pyrgus (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)

@article{HernndezRoldn2014MorphologicalAC,
  title={Morphological and chemical analysis of male scent organs in the butterfly genus Pyrgus (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)},
  author={Juan L. Hern{\'a}ndez-Rold{\'a}n and Roger Bofill and Leonardo Dapporto and Miguel L{\'o}pez Munguira and Roger Vila},
  journal={Organisms Diversity \& Evolution},
  year={2014},
  volume={14},
  pages={269-278}
}
Chemical communication in the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera) is practically unstudied, even though this group includes approximately 4,000 species and represents a fifth of the world’s butterfly fauna. We present the first comparative morphological and chemical analysis of scent organs for nine species in the genus Pyrgus, the most species-rich hesperiid genus in the Palearctic region. Our results show that the morphology of the two main male scent organs—the costal fold and the tibial tufts… Expand

Figures from this paper

Specialized androconial scales conceal species-specific semiochemicals of sympatric sulphur butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae: Coliadinae)
Chemical cues play an important role in short-range communication of butterflies, remarkably in sexual attraction and mate choice. Differentiated scale patches on the wings of male butterflies, theExpand
Integrative analyses unveil speciation linked to host plant shift in Spialia butterflies
TLDR
The integration of genetic, chemical, cytogenetic, morphological, ecological and microbiological data indicates that the Spialia sertorius species complex includes at least five species that differentiated during the last three million years. Expand
Combination of morphological characters and DNA-barcoding confirms Problepsis cinerea (Butler, 1886) (Geometridae: Sterrhinae: Scopulini) as a new genus and species for the fauna of Iran
TLDR
Problepsis cinerea is reported as a new genus and species for the fauna of Iran based on two females, collected in South Iran, confirmed by morphological characters and barcoding data. Expand
Male Ventroposterior Brush Display Increases the Sexual Receptivity of Females in the Gregarious Beet Webworm Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae)
TLDR
Chemical communication in these gregarious moths apparently involves mutually stimulating interactions between female attractant and male courtship pheromones and may act as aphrodisiac signals to conspecific females in order to enhance female receptivity and increase his mating success. Expand
Doublesex mediates the development of sex-specific pheromone organs in Bicyclus butterflies via multiple mechanisms
TLDR
It is suggested that the patches and hair-pencils evolve as correlated composite organs that are sex-limited via the spatial regulation of dsx, and the involvement of the sex determinant gene doublesex (dsx) in scent organ development in Bicyclus anynana using CRISPR/Cas9 is examined. Expand
Doublesex Mediates the Development of Sex-Specific Pheromone Organs in Bicyclus Butterflies via Multiple Mechanisms
TLDR
It is suggested that the patches and hair-pencils evolve as correlated composite organs presumably due to their functional integration. Expand
Ten genes and two topologies: an exploration of higher relationships in skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae)
TLDR
It is concluded that there is insufficient phylogenetic evidence in the molecular dataset to resolve the higher-level phylogenetic relationships of skipper butterflies and two distinct but equally plausible topologies among subfamilies at the base of the tree are found. Expand
The complete mitochondrial genomes of two skipper genera (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) and their associated phylogenetic analysis
TLDR
Bayesian inference and maximum likelihood methods were employed to infer the phylogenetic relationships, which suggested that A. fuliginosus and B. bicolor belong in the subfamily Hesperiinae. Expand
Integrative analyses unveil speciation linked to host plant shift in 1
33 Discovering cryptic species in well-studied areas and taxonomic groups can have profound implications in 34 understanding eco-evolutionary processes and in nature conservation because such groupsExpand
Protrusion of the Androconial Organs of Lycorea halia atergatis Doubleday [1847] (Nymphalidae) from a Cloud Forest at Veracruz State, México
TLDR
The protrusion of androconial organs of Lycorea halia atergatis Doubleday is reported herein and is typically found in cloud forests along the central mountains of Veracruz, Mexico. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 87 REFERENCES
Secondary sexual characters in Celaenorrhinus and the delimitation of the genus (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae)
TLDR
The unique character of abdominal pouches with scent hairs is applied to delimit the genus Celaenorrhinus Hubner, 1819, the only pantropical genus of the Hesperiidae. Expand
Cuticular lipid diversification in Lasiommata megera and Lasiommata paramegaera: the influence of species, sex, and population (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
TLDR
The general linear model and discriminant analyses on chemical data clearly revealed large differences between sexes, which showed the same diversification pattern in both species, and a strong diversification between the two species was found, as were differences among populations. Expand
Pungent odor of the adult skipper butterfly Erynnismontanus (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae)
TLDR
Chemical analysis has revealed that crude extracts of wild individuals contained 10 volatile substances, of which docosane and heneicosane were the main components, and biased distribution in the wings rather than the body was observed for benzothiazole, heptanal, and p-cresol. Expand
Estructura de las escamas ventrales de las alas de Coenonympha Hübner, [1819], con especial referencia a C. pamphilus (L., 1758) y su morfotipo lyllus (Esper, 1805) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
TLDR
The frequency of the silvery line among members of Coenonympha suggests that this feature ‐diagnostic for the lyllus morphotype with respect to the ‘typical’ C. pamphilus- represents an ancestral feature for this group. Expand
Ten species in one: DNA barcoding reveals cryptic species in the neotropical skipper butterfly Astraptes fulgerator.
TLDR
The results add to the evidence that cryptic species are prevalent in tropical regions, a critical issue in efforts to document global species richness, and illustrate the value of DNA barcoding, especially when coupled with traditional taxonomic tools, in disclosing hidden diversity. Expand
Pheromones and Evolutionary Relationships of Tortricidae
TLDR
Comparison information on a factor important in effecting species specificity could be useful when discussing differing viewpoints on phylogenetic relationships, even at the family level. Expand
MALE SCENT IN LEPIDOPTERAN COMMUNICATION: THE ROLE OF MALE PHEROMONE IN MATING BEHAVIOUR OF PSEUDALETIA UNIPUNCTA (HAW.) (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE)
Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.) males, experimentally deprived of hairpencils (male-specific scent organs), were less acceptable to females than were intact males. The degree to which femalesExpand
On the scent of speciation: the chemosensory system and its role in premating isolation
TLDR
Genetic approaches to chemosensory gene families and to enzymes involved in biosynthetic pathways of signal compounds now provide new opportunities to dissect the genetic basis of these complex traits and of their divergence among taxa. Expand
Revised classification of the family Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea) based on combined molecular and morphological data
TLDR
A combined analysis of DNA data matrix and morphological characters is used to identify morphological synapomorphies of the suprageneric clades of Hesperiidae, and to hypothesize a phylogenetic classification of the world’s genera of Hesperingidae, the first of its kind for this diverse group. Expand
Pre-courtship use of abdominal brushes by the nocturnal moth, Phlogophora meticulosa (L.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
TLDR
Experiments suggest that the male pheromone is acting as an aphrodisiac, and may also in some species have a species isolating function. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...