Morphological analysis of the hindlimb in apes and humans. II. Moment arms.


Flexion/extension moment arms were obtained for the major muscles crossing the hip, knee and ankle joints in the orang-utan, gibbon, gorilla (Eastern and Western lowland) and bonobo. Moment arms varied with joint motion and were generally longer in proximal limb muscles than distal limb muscles. The shape of the moment arm curves (i.e. the plots of moment… (More)


4 Figures and Tables

Slides referencing similar topics