More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving.

@article{Beilock2004MoreOT,
  title={More on the fragility of performance: choking under pressure in mathematical problem solving.},
  author={S. Beilock and Catherine A Kulp and L. E. Holt and T. Carr},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  year={2004},
  volume={133 4},
  pages={
          584-600
        }
}
In 3 experiments, the authors examined mathematical problem solving performance under pressure. In Experiment 1, pressure harmed performance on only unpracticed problems with heavy working memory demands. In Experiment 2, such high-demand problems were practiced until their answers were directly retrieved from memory. This eliminated choking under pressure. Experiment 3 dissociated practice on particular problems from practice on the solution algorithm by imposing a high-pressure test on… Expand
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