More evidence for the universality of a contempt expression

  title={More evidence for the universality of a contempt expression},
  author={David Matsumoto},
  journal={Motivation and Emotion},
  • D. Matsumoto
  • Published 1 December 1992
  • Education
  • Motivation and Emotion
Since its publication in 1986, Ekman and Friesen's (1986) discovery of a universal facial expression unique to contempt has received considerable attention (e.g., see Ekman & Friesen, 1988; Ekman & Heider, 1988; Ekman, O'Sullivan, & Matsumoto, 1991a, 1991b; Izard & Haynes, 1988; Russell, 1991a, 1991b; Ricci Bitti, Brighetti, Garotti, Boggi-Cavallo, 1989). Actually, much of this argument began before there was adequate sampling of contempt photographs across many cultures. In order to address… 

Strong evidence for universals in facial expressions: a reply to Russell's mistaken critique.

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  • History
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  • 1994
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