Morally Opposed? A Theory of Public Attitudes and Emerging Military Technologies

@article{Horowitz2020MorallyOA,
  title={Morally Opposed? A Theory of Public Attitudes and Emerging Military Technologies},
  author={Michael C. Horowitz and Sarah Maxey},
  journal={Social Science Research Network},
  year={2020}
}
Technology does not exist in a vacuum; it is mediated by individual and institutional choices about development and use. In the case of autonomous weapon systems (AWS), which select military targets without human involvement, the global policy debate emphasizes morally-driven public opposition. However, when faced with new, still-developing technology, public attitudes may reflect uncertainty about potential effectiveness as much as moral qualms. We theorize that the interaction between…