Moral judgment and decision making under uncertainty

@inproceedings{Fleischhut2013MoralJA,
  title={Moral judgment and decision making under uncertainty},
  author={Nadine Fleischhut and Gerd Gigerenzer and Elke Van der Meer and Werner G{\"u}th},
  year={2013}
}
From virtue theory to moral psychology to behavioral economics, a range of disciplines have explained behavior in moral situations by states of the individual mind, such as character traits, moral stages, or social preferences. These internal explanations predict that moral behavior is stable across a range of situations and thus struggle with the common observation of inconsistencies in moral judgment and behavior. In contrast, we first outline how the same heuristic predicts systematically… 

Figures from this paper

Causation in Legal and Moral Reasoning
Causation looms large in legal and moral reasoning. People construct causal models of the social and physical world to understand what has happened, how and why, and to allocate responsibility and
Ethics and risk. Toward a responsible approach to acceptable risk impositions
This research deals with the ethical evaluation of risk impositions, i.e. actions that expose other human beings to risk. When – under what circumstances or conditions – is it acceptable to perform

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 222 REFERENCES
A Dissociation Between Moral Judgments and Justifications
To what extent do moral judgments depend on conscious reasoning from explicitly understood principles? We address this question by investigating one particular moral principle, the principle of the
Moral heuristics.
  • C. Sunstein
  • Medicine
    The Behavioral and brain sciences
  • 2005
TLDR
Moral framing effects, including those in the context of obligations to future generations, are discussed, and the idea of error-prone heuristics is especially controversial in the moral domain, where agreement on the correct answer may be hard to elicit.
Morality: An Evolutionary Account
  • D. Krebs
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2008
Refinements in Darwin's theory of the origin of a moral sense create a framework equipped to organize and integrate contemporary theory and research on morality. Morality originated in deferential,
Morality (in Handbook of Social Psychology)
This chapter assesses the state of the art in moral psychology from a social-psychological perspective. We begin with the story of the “great narrowing” — the historical process in which morality got
Moral Satisficing: Rethinking Moral Behavior as Bounded Rationality
TLDR
Only by accepting the fact that behavior is a function of both mind and environmental structures can realistic prescriptive means of achieving moral goals be developed.
Moral Judgment
The past decade has seen a renewed interest in moral psychology. A unique feature of the present endeavor is its unprecedented interdisciplinarity. For the first time, cognitive, social, and
Crime and punishment: Distinguishing the roles of causal and intentional analyses in moral judgment
TLDR
The present study directly compares the roles of consequence, causation, belief and desire in determining moral judgments and proposes an account of these phenomena that distinguishes two processes of moral judgment: one which begins with harmful consequences and seeks a causally responsible agent, and the other which beginning with an action and analyzes the mental states responsible for that action.
Social intuitionists answer six questions about moral psychology.
Here are two of the biggest questions in moral psychology: (1) Where do moral beliefs and motivations come from? (2) How does moral judgment work? All other questions are easy, or at least easier,
Knowing Thyself: The Evolutionary Psychology of Moral Reasoning and Moral Sentiments
Ought" cannot be derived from "is," so why should facts about human nature be of interest to business ethicists? In this ar- ticle, we discuss why the nature of human nature is relevant to anyone
The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment.
  • J. Haidt
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 2001
TLDR
The author gives 4 reasons for considering the hypothesis that moral reasoning does not cause moral judgment; rather, moral reasoning is usually a post hoc construction, generated after a judgment has been reached.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...