Moral development, executive functioning, peak experiences and brain patterns in professional and amateur classical musicians: Interpreted in light of a Unified Theory of Performance

@article{Travis2011MoralDE,
  title={Moral development, executive functioning, peak experiences and brain patterns in professional and amateur classical musicians: Interpreted in light of a Unified Theory of Performance},
  author={Frederick Travis and Harald S. Harung and Yvonne Lagrosen},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={1256-1264}
}

Tables from this paper

Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Executive Functioning in Musicians and Non-Musicians
TLDR
The working hypothesis that musical training may promote the development and maintenance of certain EF skills, which could mediate the previously reported links between musical training and enhanced cognitive skills and academic achievement, is supported.
Higher mind-brain development in successful leaders: testing a unified theory of performance
TLDR
Top-level managers were characterized by higher Brain Integration Scale scores, higher levels of moral reasoning, and more frequent peak experiences, and these multilevel measures could be useful tools in selection and recruiting of potential managers and in assessing leadership education and development programs.
Faster maturation of selective attention in musically trained children and adolescents: Converging behavioral and event‐related potential evidence
TLDR
Novel converging behavioral and electrophysiological evidence from a cross‐modal paradigm for accelerated maturation of selective attention in musically trained children and adolescents is provided and the association between musical training and enhanced inhibition and set shifting is corroborated.
Cognitive differences between older adult instrumental musicians: Benefits of continuing to play
Previous research suggests that ongoing cognitive engagement in late life may help maintain cognitive functioning. We assessed cognition across all major domains in older adult instrumental musicians
Behavioral and Neural Correlates of Executive Functioning in Musicians and NonMusicians
Executive functions (EF) are cognitive capacities that allow for planned, controlled behavior and strongly correlate with academic abilities. Several extracurricular activities have been shown to
Attentional networks functioning and vigilance in expert musicians and non-musicians
TLDR
Investigation of attentional and vigilance abilities in expert musicians with a fine-grained measure found advantages were observed in an extra-musical context, which suggests that musical training could transfer its benefits to cognitive processes loosely related to musical skills.
Increased engagement of the cognitive control network associated with music training in children during an fMRI Stroop task
TLDR
The results suggest that systematic extracurricular training, particularly music-based training, is associated with changes in the cognitive control network in the brain even in the absence of changes in behavioral performance.
Individual differences in musical training and executive functions: A latent variable approach
TLDR
Assessment of how individual differences in musical training relate to latent measures of three separable aspects of executive functions suggests that musical experience places particularly strong demands specifically on working memory updating processes.
Auditory and cognitive performance in elderly musicians and nonmusicians
TLDR
It is suggested that life-long music training may be associated with enhanced auditory and cognitive performance, including complex cognitive skills, in advanced age, however, whether this music training represents a protective factor or not needs further investigation.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES
Specialization of the Specialized: Electrophysiological Investigations in Professional Musicians
TLDR
Four event‐related brain potential studies examining the processing of auditory stimuli by professional musicians compared with non‐musicians suggest qualitative differences of the neural correlates of auditory processing between musicians and non-musicians.
Effects of Music Training on the Child's Brain and Cognitive Development
TLDR
The initial results from studies examining the brain and cognitive effects of instrumental music training on young children in a longitudinal study and a cross‐sectional comparison in older children are reported.
A self-referential default brain state: patterns of coherence, power, and eLORETA sources during eyes-closed rest and Transcendental Meditation practice
TLDR
Greater activation in areas that overlap the DMN during TM practice suggests that meditation practice may lead to a foundational or ‘ground’ state of cerebral functioning that may underlie eyes-closed rest and more focused cognitive processes.
Effects of Transcendental Meditation practice on brain functioning and stress reactivity in college students.
  • F. Travis, D. Haaga, R. Schneider
  • Psychology, Education
    International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
  • 2009
Effects of long‐term practice and task complexity in musicians and nonmusicians performing simple and complex motor tasks: Implications for cortical motor organization
TLDR
It is concluded that plasticity due to long‐term practice mainly occurs in caudal motor areas directly related to motor execution, leading to more effective motor representations in pianists.
Higher psycho‐physiological refinement in world‐class Norwegian athletes: brain measures of performance capacity
TLDR
Data support the concept that higher psycho‐physiological growth underlies higher performance in world‐class athletes, as different expressions of an underlying dimension – human development.
Consciousness and Cognition Xxx (2010) Xxx–xxx Duality and Nonduality in Meditation Research
The great variety of meditation techniques found in different contemplative traditions presents a challenge when attempting to create taxonomies based on the constructs of contemporary cognitive
Neural Substrates of Spontaneous Musical Performance: An fMRI Study of Jazz Improvisation
TLDR
Investigating improvisation in professional jazz pianists using functional MRI found that improvisation was consistently characterized by a dissociated pattern of activity in the prefrontal cortex: extensive deactivation of dorsolateral prefrontal and lateral orbital regions with focal activation of the medial prefrontal (frontal polar) cortex.
...
...