• Corpus ID: 15934622

Moral Injury in Veterans of War

  title={Moral Injury in Veterans of War},
  author={Matthew J. Friedman and Fran H. Norris and Heather Smith and Editorial Manager and Susan Garone and Behavioral Science and Boston Ma and Shira Maguen and Brett T. Litz and Director},
Military personnel serving in war are confronted with ethical and moral challenges, most of which are navigated successfully because of effective rules of engagement, training, leadership, and the purposefulness and coherence that arise in cohesive units during and after various challenges. However, even in optimal operational contexts, some combat and operational experiences can inevitably transgress deeply held beliefs that undergird a service member’s humanity. Transgressions can arise from… 
The Role of Political Practices in Moral Injury: A Study of Afghanistan Veterans
While much research has been conducted on military trauma, conceptualizations of deployment‐related suffering have been predominantly approached through a medical, individual‐focused lens. Since the
Not on My Watch: Moral Trauma and Moral Injury Among Combat Medics
When combat medics are unable to fulfill their professional role, this can cause a distinct form of moral trauma, because they have also failed to fulfill a personal sense of purpose.
Religious Considerations and Self-Forgiveness in Treating Complex Trauma and Moral Injury in Present and Former Soldiers
Being in the military, especially if deployed in combat or combat potential settings, can create opportunities for self-condemnation—occurring through moral injury or apart from and within the
Presentation and correlates of moral injury as a response to Past transgression
The concept of moral injury has been researched mostly on military personnel who have either witnessed or engaged in acts generally deemed to be moral transgressions, during combat. Although, it is
On ‘moral injury’
This article is concerned with theories and therapeutic practices that interpret post-traumatic combat stress as a ‘moral injury’ produced by the shock of carrying out lethal violence in uncertain
Moral Injury and Stress Response Patterns in United States Military Veterans
During combat, veterans encounter situations that violate their moral principles resulting in moral injury. For example, if a soldier fails to prevent, witnesses, and/or performs acts that oppose
Sickness of the Heart: Moral Injury in Veterans of the Iraq War
Invisible war wounds have garnered more attention since the Vietnam War. One recent development in this area of study is the concept of moral injury, which was introduced in 2009. Moral injury is as
Soldiers and 'respect' in Complex Conflicts: an Afghan case
This paper discusses the meaning of ‘respect’ in complex conflicts and aims to be a contribution to thinking about ethics in war along with the Just War tradition. The point of departure is the
Moral Injury and Music Therapy: Music as a vehicle for access
Moral Injury as a construct continues to be explored and refined as researchers develop models of treatment and clearer definitions for diagnosis. The complexity of moral injury mirrors the
Tracing Moral Injury in US Wars and Implications for the Year 2050
Throughout conflicts in history, the psycho-spiritual construct known today as “moral injury” can be found. This term was coined in 1994 out of conceptions of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to


Moral Disengagement in the Perpetration of Inhumanities
  • A. Bandura
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 1999
Given the many mechanisms for disengaging moral control, civilized life requires, in addition to humane personal standards, safeguards built into social systems that uphold compassionate behavior and renounce cruelty.
Perpetration-induced traumatic stress in combat veterans.
The hypothesis that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with killing is more severe than that associated with other traumas causing PTSD was tested on U.S. government data from Vietnam
Trauma, Change in Strength of Religious Faith, and Mental Health Service Use Among Veterans Treated for PTSD
It is concluded that veterans’ pursuit of mental health services appears to be driven more by their guilt and the weakening of their religious faith than by the severity of their PTSD symptoms or their deficits in social functioning.
Killing in combat, mental health symptoms, and suicidal ideation in Iraq war veterans.
Preliminary evidence is provided that suicidal thinking and the desire for self-harm are associated with different mental health predictors, and that the impact of killing on suicidal ideation may be important to consider in the evaluation and care of newly returning veterans.
Suicide and guilt as manifestations of PTSD in Vietnam combat veterans.
PTSD among Vietnam combat veterans emerged as a psychiatric disorder with considerable risk for suicide, and intensive combat-related guilt was found to be the most significant explanatory factor.
Posttraumatic Mental and Physical Health Correlates of Forgiveness and Religious Coping in Military Veterans
Difficulty forgiving oneself and negative religious coping were related to depression, anxiety, and PTSD symptom severity in this sample of help-seeking veterans diagnosed with PTSD.
Self–Forgiveness: The Stepchild of Forgiveness Research
Although research on interpersonal forgiveness is burgeoning, there is little conceptual or empirical scholarship on self–forgiveness. To stimulate research on this topic, a conceptual analysis of