Moral Evil and Ignorance in Plato's Ethics

  title={Moral Evil and Ignorance in Plato's Ethics},
  author={R. Hackforth},
  journal={The Classical Quarterly},
  pages={118 - 120}
  • R. Hackforth
  • Published 1 July 1946
  • Philosophy
  • The Classical Quarterly
It is universally agreed that Plato inherited from Socrates, and consistently maintained to the end, the doctrine that no man does evil of set purpose—οὐδε⋯ς ⋯κὼν ⋯μαρτ⋯νει—but because he mistakes evil for good. All moral evil, therefore, for Plato, involves ignorance. There are, however, two passages, one in the Sophist, the other in Laws ix, which on the face of them appear to recognize a type of moral evil in which ignorance is not involved, a type which is indeed contrasted with that… 
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