- Published 2003 in Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and…

The phase transition temperature for the Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of weakly interacting Bose gases in three dimensions is known to be related to certain nonuniversal properties of the phase transition of three-dimensional O(2) symmetric phi(4) theory. These properties have been measured previously in Monte Carlo lattice simulations. They have also been approximated analytically, with moderate success, by large N approximations to O(N) symmetric phi(4) theory. To begin investigating the region of validity of the large N approximation in this application, the same Monte Carlo technique developed for the O(2) model [P. Arnold and G. Moore, Phys. Rev. E 64, 066113 (2001)] to O(1) and O(4) theories has been applied. The results indicate that there might exist some theoretically unanticipated systematic errors in the extrapolation of the continuum value from lattice Monte Carlo results. The final results show that the difference between simulations and next-to-leading order large N calculations does not improve significantly from N=2 to N=4. This suggests that one would need to simulate yet larger N's to see true large N scaling of the difference. Quite unexpectedly (and presumably accidentally), the Monte Carlo result for N=1 seems to give the best agreement with the large N approximation among the three cases.

@article{Sun2003MonteCS,
title={Monte Carlo studies of three-dimensional O1 and O4 phi4 theory related to Bose-Einstein condensation phase transition temperatures.},
author={Xuepeng Sun},
journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics},
year={2003},
volume={67 6 Pt 2},
pages={066702}
}