Monte Carlo Simulation of 3D Mapping of Cardiac Electrical Activity with Spinning Slit Confocal Optics

Abstract

Optical techniques used to map transmembrane potential and intracellular Ca2+ activities of intact hearts are restricted to the surface and cannot resolve activity in deeper layers due to the lack of depth resolution. The recent development of spinning slit confocal optics offers advantages of depth resolution as well as high-speed confocal imaging which… (More)

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