Monophyly of the Falconiformes Based on Syringeal Morphology

@article{Griffiths1994MonophylyOT,
  title={Monophyly of the Falconiformes Based on Syringeal Morphology},
  author={Carole S. Griffiths},
  journal={The Auk},
  year={1994},
  volume={111},
  pages={787-805}
}
ABSTRACr.-The systematic relationships of the diurnal birds of prey (Falconiformes) are unresolved. The monophyly of the order has not been established, and the relationships of the families within the order and of genera within the three polytypic families are unclear. To derive a phylogeny for the order and to assess the usefulness of the syrinx for resolving the systematics of nonpasserines, I analyzed variation in syringeal morphology of genera within each of the currently recognized… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

A new raptorial bird from the Middle Eocene of Messel, Germany
TLDR
Three different published phylogenies of the extant taxa are used as “backbone” phylogenies to determine the relationships of the new taxon by minimising the amount of homoplasy in the phylogenetically informative characters visible in the two known specimens. Expand
PHYLOGENY OF THE TYRANT FLYCATCHERS (TYRANNIDAE) BASED ON MORPHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR
TLDR
Characters of the nasal septum that past workers have considered conservative and phylogenetically informative are supported as synapomorphies of the kingbird and restricted Empidonax assemblages, and there is some evidence that characters describing plumage color pattern are more homoplasious than the other character suites I examined. Expand
Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Honey‐buzzards (genera Pernis and Henicopernis)
TLDR
The trees deduced from these sequences can be considered as a first approach for inferring the phylogenetic relationships of the genus Pernis and related genera and for addressing questions concerning the evolutionary history, biogeography, and systematics of this group. Expand
PHYLOGENY OF THE FALCONIDAE INFERRED FROM MOLECULAR AND MORPHOLOGICAL DATA
TLDR
A biogeographic hypothesis derived from the phy- logeny implies that the origin and early diversification of the family occurred in South America. Expand
Phylogeny of the Falconidae (Aves): a comparison of the efficacy of morphological, mitochondrial, and nuclear data.
TLDR
RAG-1 sequences were superior in phylogenetic utility both to syringeal morphology and to cyt-b sequences (because of reduced noise and homogeneity of base composition, but in spite of having many fewer characters). Expand
More taxa, more characters: the hoatzin problem is still unresolved.
TLDR
The potential of a moderately sized mtDNA data set, supplemented with data from a nuclear intron, to resolve relationships among avian orders is explored and a basal split between Galloanserae and Neoaves within Neognathae and monophyly of both Galliformes and Anseriformes is supported. Expand
New candidate species most closely related to penguins.
TLDR
The complete mtDNA sequence of rockhopper penguins was determined and ciconiiform birds constitute new candidates as the closest extant relatives of penguins, giving evidence to some of ambiguous relationships in the avian tree. Expand
On the phylogenetic relationships of trogons (Aves, Trogonidae)
TLDR
A numerical cladistic analysis of 28 morphological characters resulted in monophyly of Trogonidae and Steatornithidae, although the corresponding node was not retained in a bootstrap analysis. Expand
Metaves, Mirandornithes, Strisores and other novelties – a critical review of the higher‐level phylogeny of neornithine birds
TLDR
Molecular studies congruently recover some clades that were not recognized by morphologists before and are outlined in the present review, and to ease future discussions the terms Picocoraciae and Aequornithes are introduced. Expand
The deep divergences of neornithine birds: a phylogenetic analysis of morphological characters
TLDR
A broad array of morphological characters (including both cranial and postcranial characters) are analyzed for an ingroup densely sampling Neornithes, with crown clade outgroups used to polarize these characters. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES
Syringeal Morphology and the Phylogeny of the Falconidae
TLDR
Variation in syringeal morphology was studied to resolve the relationships of representatives of all of the recognized genera of falcons, falconets, pygmy falcons and caracaras in the family Falconidae and does not support the current division of the family into two subfamilies. Expand
PHYLOGENY, BIOGEOGRAPHY, AND EVOLUTION OF THE BROADBILLS (EURYLAIMIDAE) AND ASITIES (PHILEPITTIDAE) BASED ON MORPHOLOGY
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of syringeal morphology and two osteological characters indicates that the broadbills (Eurylaimidae) are not monophyletic, but consist of four clades with successively closer relationships to the Madagascan asities (Philepittidae), and uses this phylogenetic hypothesis as a comparative framework in investigations of the biogeo- graphic history and evolutionary ecology of the group. Expand
The anatomy of the syrinx in passerine birds
TLDR
Variations in syringeal structure within families Corvidae (Corvus corone, C. frugilegus), Sturnidae (Sturnus vulgaris, Gracula religiosa), Turdidae (Turdus merula, Erithacus rubecula) and Paridae (Parus major, Aegithalos caudatus) are described and discussed and the significance of these findings in relation to bird sound production is discussed. Expand
The fossil history and phylogenetic relationships of condors (Ciconiiformes: Vulturidae) in the New World
TLDR
A phylogenetic analysis of 39 cranial and postcranial characters indicates that the condors form a monophyletic assemblage with Gymnogyps as a distinct North American genus, and Vultur as a separate South American genus. Expand
THE RECENT BIRDS OF THE WORLD (CLASS AVES)
TLDR
It is proposed that avian classifications should express the content of natural groups, that is, taxa that are the authors' best estimates of genealogically related groups of species, because genealogical relationships are hierarchical in their logical structure. Expand
The Skulls of the Cathartid Vultures
The New World vultures, family Cathartidae, form a heterogeneous group of large birds which is now limited in its range to the Americas. Only one member, the fossil Plesiocathartes of France, hasExpand
Syringeal Structure and Avian Phonation
TLDR
All analyses of syringeal function are based on indirect evidence, which may be obtained from dissections, manipulations of extracted syrinxes, models, analyses of physiological events associated with phonation, or analyses of the sounds produced. Expand
THE RETENTION INDEX AND THE RESCALED CONSISTENCY INDEX
as a measure ol'6t ofa character to a tree, has been widely and successfully employed, but might be capable of some improvement for certain applications. 'The purpose of this note is to dcwrihe twoExpand
Ardeidae and in Sula
  • 1994
...
1
2
...