Monophosphoryl lipid A enhances mucosal and systemic immunity to vaccine antigens following intranasal administration.

Abstract

The induction of protective immunity stemming from vaccines delivered by mucosal routes is dependent on the development of safe and effective mucosal adjuvants. The immunostimulant monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL(R)) was evaluated for its ability to enhance both systemic and mucosal immunity to three distinct antigens. Vaccines formulated with MPL(R) and… (More)

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