Monomeric Recombinant MD-2 Binds Toll-like Receptor 4 Tightly and Confers Lipopolysaccharide Responsiveness*

@article{Re2002MonomericRM,
  title={Monomeric Recombinant MD-2 Binds Toll-like Receptor 4 Tightly and Confers Lipopolysaccharide Responsiveness*},
  author={Fabio Re and Jack L. Strominger},
  journal={The Journal of Biological Chemistry},
  year={2002},
  volume={277},
  pages={23427 - 23432}
}
In order to mediate cellular response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 must interact with MD-2, a secreted protein. In this study, a biochemical assay was developed to demonstrate that recombinant MD-2 can interact with the extracellular portion of TLR4 in solution. The ability of MD-2 to multimerize was confirmed, and MD-1 was also shown to possess this ability. Through site-directed mutagenesis, more than two intermolecular disulfide bonds were found to stabilize the MD… 

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