Monogamy and duetting in an Old World monkey

  title={Monogamy and duetting in an Old World monkey},
  author={Ronald Lewis Tilson and Richard R. Tenaza},
THE first monogamous mating system among Old World monkeys has been discovered in the Mentawai langur, Presbytis potenziani. The only known monogamous anthropoid primates were the Old World gibbons (Hylobates spp.)1 and a few New World monkeys2–4. Reproductive groups of all known Old World monkeys, represented by approximately 85 species, are either polygamous or promiscuous5. 
Re-evaluating primate monogamy
Researchers propose hypotheses for the occurrence of monogamy as a social system in primates based on the assumption that there are a group of primates, including humans, which live exclusively in
Variations in group composition and population density of the two sympatric Mentawaian leaf-monkeys
The Mentawai snub-nosed langur was organized into monogamous groups in the major study area, but formed larger polygamy groups in some limited areas, where larger polygamous groups were observed, and the snubs were found at an extremely high density.
Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Leaf Monkeys (Colobinae) with Focus on the Genus Presbytis (Eschscholtz, 1821)
Based on molecular biological and bioacoustic methods the phylogenetic position of Presbytis among the Asian Colobines is examined, as well as a new classification of the genus and a phylogeographic scenario is proposed.
Convergence in the duetting of monogamous Old World primates
The findings strongly suggest that the occurrence of duetting in these primate species and the similarities found in the acoustical features of their vocal behavior, represents a case of functional convergence as a result of their evolution of a common social organization and similar ecological niche, and probably not mere coincidence.
Old World Monkeys
Phylogenetic relations among cercopithecoids are generally well-resolved, but hybridization has been widespread in the evolution of the group.
Human predation and Kloss's gibbon (Hylobates klossii) sleeping trees in Siberut Island, Indonesia
Because indigenous hunters climb lianas to shoot primates in treetops, gibbons are less susceptible than langurs to nocturnal human predation, and the gibbons' preference for the limited supply of vineless trees gives them an advantage over langurs.
Monogamy in Mammals
  • D. Kleiman
  • Biology, Medicine
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1977
This review considers the behavioral, ecological, and reproductive characteristics of mammals exhibiting monogamy, i.e., mating exclusivity. From a discussion of the life histories of selected
The pair-bond of the common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus jacchus: An experimental investigation
The monogamous relationship of the common marmoset Callithrix jacchus jacchus was studied in eight breeding pairs. The responses of paired males and females to unfamiliar conspecifics of the opposite
Vocal behavior of captive Sichuan golden monkeys (Rhinopithecus r. roxellana)
Frequently, duets developed when an individual male or female responded to the vocalizations of its cagemate, and males responded vocally to female calls more than twice as frequently.
The Relationship between Concealed Ovulation and Mating Systems in Anthropoid Primates: A Phylogenetic Analysis
There is a linkage between absence of ovulation signs and monogamy, but the temporal relationship is generally such that the lack of ovulatory signs is more likely to promote monogamy than monogamy is to promote a lack of Ovulatory signs.


Territory and monogamy among Kloss' gibbons (Hylobates klossii) in Siberut Island, Indonesia.
  • R. Tenaza
  • Biology, Medicine
    Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology
  • 1975
Behavior of Kloss' gibbons was studied from July 1 to October 7, 1972 in Siberut Island, off the coast of western Sumatra, Indonesia, where males establish territories before mating and females lead progression through the territory.
The Relation between Ecology a Social Structure in Primates.
This article introduces a new category of social structure for the primates•the age-graded-male troop, and calls attention to the reproductive group as an organic unit that shows stages of growth and decline which may vary under different environmental circumstances.
The Evolution of Primate Behavior
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