Monitoring cardiac function: echocardiography, pulse contour analysis and beyond.

  title={Monitoring cardiac function: echocardiography, pulse contour analysis and beyond.},
  author={Jochen Renner and Jens Scholz and Berthold Bein},
  journal={Best practice & research. Clinical anaesthesiology},
  volume={27 2},
Haemodynamic monitoring has developed considerably over the last decades, nowadays comprising a wide spectrum of different technologies ranging from invasive to completely non-invasive techniques. At present, the evidence to continuously measure and optimise stroke volume, that is, cardiac output, in order to prevent occult hypoperfusion in the perioperative setting and consequently to improve patients' outcome is substantial. Surprisingly, there is a striking discrepancy between the… CONTINUE READING
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