Monitoring bubble growth in supersaturated blood and tissue ex vivo and the relevance to marine mammal bioeffects

@inproceedings{Crum2005MonitoringBG,
  title={Monitoring bubble growth in supersaturated blood and tissue ex vivo and the relevance to marine mammal bioeffects},
  author={Lawrence A. Crum and Michael R. Bailey and Jingfeng Guan and Paul R. Hilmo and Steven G. Kargl and Thomas J. Matula and Oleg A. Sapozhnikov},
  year={2005}
}
There have been several recent reports that active sonar systems can lead to serious bioeffects in marine mammals, particularly beaked whales, resulting in strandings, and in some cases, to their deaths. We have devised a series of experiments to determine the potential role of low-frequency acous- tic sources as a means to induce bubble nucleation and growth in supersatu- rated ex vivo bovine liver and kidney tissues, and blood. Bubble detection was achieved with a diagnostic ultrasound… CONTINUE READING

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