Money enhances memory consolidation – But only for boring material

  title={Money enhances memory consolidation – But only for boring material},
  author={Kou Murayama and Christof Kuhbandner},

Figures from this paper

Consolidation power of extrinsic rewards: reward cues enhance long-term memory for irrelevant past events.

Behavioral evidence is provided that extrinsic rewards (i.e., monetary incentives) enhance human memory consolidation independently of attention and motivation and that emotional arousal or unconscious resource mobilization cannot explain the retrograde enhancement effect.

Motivational Influences on Memory

This chapter synthesizes findings across behavioral, cognitive, and educational neuroscience to characterize motivation’s influence on memory and provides evidence that neural systems underlying motivation, namely the mesolimbic dopamine system, interact with and facilitate activity within systems underlying episodic memory, centered on the medial temporal lobe.

Influence of reward motivation on human declarative memory

Separate Memory-Enhancing Effects of Reward and Strategic Encoding

It is demonstrated that memory can be strengthened by separate neurocognitive mechanisms for strategic control versus reward-based enhancement of processing, even if they may also interact.

Decision-making increases episodic memory via post-encoding consolidation

This work shows that active decision-making reduces forgetting rates across an immediate and 24-hour memory test, a behavioral marker of consolidation and supports a model by which actively deciding to encode information enhances subsequent consolidation mechanisms to preserve episodic memory for outcomes.

The effect of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on memory formation: insight from behavioral and imaging study

Motivation can be generated intrinsically or extrinsically, and both kinds of motivation show similar facilitatory effects on memory. However, effects of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation on memory

Free Recall Test Experience Potentiates Strategy-Driven Effects of Value on Memory

Dual process dissociations suggest that interspersed recall tests guide learners’ use of metacognitive control to selectively apply effective encoding strategies.

Decision-making Increases Episodic Memory via Postencoding Consolidation

A model by which actively deciding to encode information enhances memory consolidation to preserve episodic memory for outcomes is supported, a process that may be facilitated by reexposure to the original decision-making context.

Value-based modulation of memory encoding involves strategic engagement of processing

Fronto-temporal findings suggest that strategic engagement of deep semantic processing may be an important mechanism for selectively encoding valuable items.

Motivated Memory

  • K. ChiewR. Adcock
  • Psychology, Biology
    The Cambridge Handbook of Motivation and Learning
  • 2019
Recent cognitive neuroscience evidence of motivational influences on memory is reviewed, with a focus on anatomical pathways by which neuromodulatory networks support encodingrelated activity in distinct subregions of the medial temporal lobe.



How arousal modulates memory: Disentangling the effects of attention and retention

The results indicate that arousal supports slower forgetting even when the difference in attentional resources allocated to stimuli is minimized.

Effects of emotion and reward motivation on neural correlates of episodic memory encoding: A PET study

Arousal-Mediated Memory Consolidation: Role of the Medial Temporal Lobe in Humans

A group difference in the effect of arousal on the rate of forgetting suggests that the role of medial temporal lobe structures in memory consolidation for arousing events is conserved across species.

Prefrontal cortex mediation of cognitive enhancement in rewarding motivational contexts

It is shown that highly reward-sensitive individuals exhibited greater improvement of working memory performance in rewarding contexts, but exclusively on trials that were not rewarded, causing paradoxical benefits selectively for nonrewarded events.

Dopamine Controls Persistence of Long-Term Memory Storage

The persistence of LTM depends on activation of VTA/hippocampus dopaminergic connections and can be specifically modulated by manipulating this system at definite post-learning time points.

The impact of monetary reward on memory in schizophrenia spectrum disorder.

In conclusion, contingent monetary rewards delivered during vWM and vLTM enhanced specific aspects of memory and symptomatic and pharmacology treatment factors were associated with reward-related gains in persons with schizophrenia.

Neural basis of the undermining effect of monetary reward on intrinsic motivation

The results show that performance-based monetary reward indeed undermines intrinsic motivation, as assessed by the number of voluntary engagements in the task, and that activity in the anterior striatum and the prefrontal areas decreased along with this behavioral undermining effect.