Mona Lisa smile: the morphological enigma of human and great ape evolution.

  title={Mona Lisa smile: the morphological enigma of human and great ape evolution.},
  author={J. Grehan},
  journal={Anatomical record. Part B, New anatomist},
  volume={289 4},
  • J. Grehan
  • Published 2006
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Anatomical record. Part B, New anatomist
  • The science of human evolution is confronted with the popular chimpanzee theory and the earlier but largely ignored orangutan theory. The quality and scope of published documentation and verification of morphological features suggests there is very little in morphology to support a unique common ancestor for humans and chimpanzees. A close relationship between humans and African apes is currently supported by only eight unproblematic characters. The orangutan relationship is supported by about… CONTINUE READING
    14 Citations

    Paper Mentions

    Evolution of life history and behavior in Hominidae: towards phylogenetic reconstruction of the chimpanzee-human last common ancestor.
    • 37
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF
    Primate phylogeny: molecular evidence for a pongid clade excluding humans and a prosimian clade containing tarsiers
    • Shi Huang
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Science China Life Sciences
    • 2012
    • 12
    • PDF
    Evolution of the second orangutan: phylogeny and biogeography of hominid origins
    • 43
    • PDF
    Brief communication: Ectocranial suture closure in Pongo: pattern and phylogeny.
    • 5


    Genetic and morphological records of the Hominoidea and hominid origins: a synthesis.
    • D. Pilbeam
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
    • 1996
    • 191
    Characters Common to Higher Primates and Characters Specific for Man
    • A. Schultz
    • Biology
    • The Quarterly Review of Biology
    • 1936
    • 137
    • 35
    Morphometrics and hominoid phylogeny: Support for a chimpanzee-human clade and differentiation among great ape subspecies.
    • 161
    • PDF
    Hominoid Evolution: A Review and a Reassessment [and Comments and Replies]
    • 22
    A reassessment of living hominoid postcranial variability: implications for ape evolution.
    • N. Young
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Journal of human evolution
    • 2003
    • 76