Molecular water detected on the sunlit Moon by SOFIA

  title={Molecular water detected on the sunlit Moon by SOFIA},
  author={Casey I. Honniball and Paul G. Lucey and S. Li and Sachindev S. Shenoy and Thomas M. Orlando and Charles Hibbitts and Dana M. Hurley and William M. Farrell},
  journal={Nature Astronomy},
6 μm pulsed OP-GaAs OPO laser for unambiguous water ice detection on the Moon and other planetary bodies
NASA demands the special laser transmitter for the lidar system to detect water-ice on the Moon and other planetary bodies. Based on the data from the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) instrument, the
Basic Lunar Topography and Geology for Space Scientists
Upon the human exploration era of the Moon, this paper introduces lunar topography and geologic fundamentals to space scientists. The origin of scientific terminology for the lunar topography was
Characterization of H2O transport through Johnson Space Center number 1A lunar regolith simulant at low pressure for in-situ resource utilization
H2O transport through a packed bed of Johnson Space Center number 1A (JSC-1A) lunar regolith simulant was examined at relevant temperatures and pressures for in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) on
Chlorella Vulgaris Photobioreactor for Oxygen and Food Production on a Moon Base—Potential and Challenges
  • G. Detrell
  • Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
  • 2021
A base on the Moon surface or a mission to Mars are potential destinations for human spaceflight, according to current space agencies’ plans. These scenarios pose several new challenges, since the
Computational Infrared Spectroscopy of 958 Phosphorus-Bearing Molecules
Phosphine is now well-established as a biosignature, which has risen to prominence with its recent tentative detection on Venus. To follow up this discovery and related future exoplanet biosignature
Dependence of the Hydration of the Lunar Surface on the Concentrations of TiO2, Plagioclase, and Spinel
We investigate the interrelation between the hydration of the lunar regolith and the mineral composition of the surface of the Moon with respect to the concentrations of plagioclase, TiO2 (highly
Emplacement conditions of lunar impact melt flows
Abstract Hypervelocity impacts on terrestrial bodies have the potential to rapidly heat and redistribute silicate target material to form impact melt flows. On the Moon, a subset of impact melt
Equipping an extraterrestrial laboratory: Overview of open research questions and recommended instrumentation for the Moon
Abstract Humans are once again preparing to leave Earth and land on the surface of another planetary body. The two objects high on the list for permanent bases are the Moon and Mars. Both have been
Human-assisted Sample Return Mission at the Schrödinger Basin, Lunar Far Side, Using a New Geologic Map and Rover Traverses
The Schrödinger basin on the south polar lunar far side has been highlighted as a promising target for future exploration. This report provides a high-resolution geologic map in the southwest


3-μm reflectance spectroscopy of carbonaceous chondrites under asteroid-like conditions
Abstract We measured 3-μm reflectance spectra of 21 meteorites that represent all carbonaceous chondrite types available in terrestrial meteorite collections. The measurements were conducted at the
Diurnally Migrating Lunar Water: Evidence From Ultraviolet Data
Lunar soil hydration constrained by exospheric water liberated by meteoroid impacts
It is inferred that the Moon is currently in the process of losing water that was either delivered long ago or present at its formation, according to analysis of water releases detected by NASA’s Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer.
Solar Wind Implantation Into the Lunar Regolith: Monte Carlo Simulations of H Retention in a Surface With Defects and the H 2 Exosphere
The solar wind implants protons into the top 20–30 nm of lunar regolith grains, and the implanted hydrogen will diffuse out of the regolith but also interact with oxygen in the regolith oxides. We
Time-of-day-dependent behavior of surficial lunar hydroxyl/water: Observations and modeling
Abstract In this study we determine the depth of the absorption band around 3 µm wavelength, which indicates the presence of OH/H2O in a thin surficial layer of the lunar regolith, for 18 lunar
Untangling the formation and liberation of water in the lunar regolith
Evidence via laboratory simulation experiments that water can be generated and liberated through thermal shocks induced by micrometeorite impacts on solar-wind proton-implanted anhydrous silicates, providing evidence of a key mechanism to synthesize water in silicates and advancing understanding on the origin of water as detected on the Moon and other airless bodies in the authors' solar system such as Mercury and asteroids.
  • Geophys. Res. Lett.
  • 2018
FORCAST: A Mid-Infrared Camera for SOFIA
We describe the Faint Object infraRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST) which is presently operating as a facility instrument on the Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).
Solar Wind‐Induced Water Cycle on the Moon
The delivery of water by impacts from planetary accretion to present
Entrapment of water within impact glasses and melt-bearing breccias is a plausible source of hydration features associated with craters on the Moon and elsewhere in the solar system and likely contributed to the early accretion of water during planet formation.