Molecular traces of alternative social organization in a termite genome.

@article{Terrapon2014MolecularTO,
  title={Molecular traces of alternative social organization in a termite genome.},
  author={Nicolas Terrapon and Cai Li and Hugh M. Robertson and Lu Ji and Xuehong Meng and Warren Booth and Zhensheng Chen and Christopher P. Childers and Karl M. Glastad and Kaustubh Gokhale and Johannes Gowin and Wulfila Gronenberg and Russell A. Hermansen and Haofu Hu and Brendan G. Hunt and Ann Kathrin Huylmans and Sayed M.S. Khalil and Robert D. Mitchell and Monica C. Munoz-Torres and Julie A. Mustard and Hailin Pan and Justin T. Reese and Michael E Scharf and Fengming Sun and Heiko Vogel and Jin Xiao and Wei Yang and Zhikai Yang and Zuoquan Yang and Jiajian Zhou and Jiwei Zhu and Colin S. Brent and Christine G. Elsik and Michael A. D. Goodisman and David A. Liberles and Richard Michael Roe and Edward L. Vargo and Andreas Vilcinskas and Jun Wang and Erich Bornberg-Bauer and Judith Korb and Guojie Zhang and J{\"u}rgen Liebig},
  journal={Nature communications},
  year={2014},
  volume={5},
  pages={
          3636
        }
}
Although eusociality evolved independently within several orders of insects, research into the molecular underpinnings of the transition towards social complexity has been confined primarily to Hymenoptera (for example, ants and bees. [] Key Result We show an expansion of genes related to male fertility, with upregulated gene expression in male reproductive individuals reflecting the profound differences in mating biology relative to the Hymenoptera.

A genomic comparison of two termites with different social complexity

Key characteristics of genomic architecture are compared, focusing on genes involved in communication, immune defenses, mating biology and symbiosis that were likely important in termite social evolution.

Conserved Genes Underlie Phenotypic Plasticity in an Incipiently Social Bee

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The Genome and Methylome of a Subsocial Small Carpenter Bee, Ceratina calcarata

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Genomic Signals of Adaptation towards Mutualism and Sociality in Two Ambrosia Beetle Complexes

Convergent changes in evolutionary rates of proteins across lineages with phylogenetically independent origins of sociality and mutualism are found, suggesting a constrained evolution of conserved genes in social species, and an evolutionary rate acceleration related to changes in selective pressures in mutualistic lineages.

Hemimetabolous genomes reveal molecular basis of termite eusociality

Dramatic adaptive changes in genes underlying the production and perception of pheromones confirm the importance of chemical communication in the termites and provide insights into the evolutionary signatures of termite eusociality.

The Nicrophorus vespilloides genome and methylome, a beetle with complex social behavior

This work presents information on the genome of the subsocial beetle Nicrophorus vespilloides, a species long used to investigate evolutionary questions of complex social behavior, and finds strong evidence of DNA methylation, which allows this species to be used to address questions about the potential role of methylation in social behavior.

Transcriptomic analyses of the termite, Cryptotermes secundus, reveal a gene network underlying a long lifespan and high fecundity

Lin et al. use transcriptomics in the social termite, Cryptotermes secundus, to investigate potential pathways underlying the long lifespan and high fecundity of insect queens, and find a module of coexpressed genes in queens that is enriched for pathways involved in fecundness, juvenile hormone signaling, and chemical communication.

The Genome and Methylome of a Beetle with Complex Social Behavior, Nicrophorus vespilloides (Coleoptera: Silphidae)

Testing for conserved and novel mechanisms underlying phenotypic evolution requires a diversity of genomes available for comparison spanning multiple independent lineages. For example, complex social

Genes Underlying Reproductive Division of Labor in Termites, with Comparisons to Social Hymenoptera

  • J. Korb
  • Biology
    Front. Ecol. Evol.
  • 2016
The genes and their function that have been identified to underlie reproductive division of labor in the drywood termite Cryptotermes secundus, an emerging model to study termite social evolution are provided.
...

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