Molecular systematics of the Malagasy babblers (Passeriformes: timaliidae) and warblers (Passeriformes: sylviidae), based on cytochrome b and 16S rRNA sequences.

  title={Molecular systematics of the Malagasy babblers (Passeriformes: timaliidae) and warblers (Passeriformes: sylviidae), based on cytochrome b and 16S rRNA sequences.},
  author={Alice Cibois and Eric Pasquet and Thomas Schulenberg},
  journal={Molecular phylogenetics and evolution},
  volume={13 3},
The phylogenetic relationships of the Timaliidae (babblers) and Sylviidae (warblers) have long challenged ornithologists. We focus here on three Malagasy genera currently assigned to the Timaliidae, Mystacornis, Oxylabes, and Neomixis, and on their relationships with other babblers and warblers using the sequences of two mitochondrial genes (cytochrome b and 16S rRNA). Maximum parsimony analyses show that the Malagasy "babblers" are not related to any of the other African and Asian babblers… 


The molecular phylogeny challenges the traditional classification of the Timaliidae and suggests that the babblers assemblage includes two other oscine taxa traditionally considered to be distantly related, Sylvia (Sylviidae) and Zosterops (Zosteropidae).

Molecular phylogenetics of babblers (Timaliidae): revaluation of the genera Yuhina and Stachyris

This study of the systematics and phylogeny of the Timaliidae used molecular markers to clarify the evolution of this complex group of Old World insectivorous passerines.

Phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Illadopsis (Passeriformes: Timaliidae) reveal the complexity of diversification of some African taxa

The dating analyses, using a Bayesian relaxed-clock method, reveal that most splits in Illadopsis occurred synchronously around the Plio-Pleistocene transition, suggesting that some diversification events in African forest taxa took place before the onset of the large-amplitude climatic cycles of the Pleistocene epoch.

Phylogenetic relationships of African sunbird-like warblers: Moho (Hypergerus atriceps), Green Hylia (Hylia prasina) and Tit-hylia (Pholidornis rushiae)

An analysis based on over 2 000 bases of mitochondrial sequence data for a broad range of Old World songbirds representing most families in Sibley and Ahlquist's (1990) superfamilies Passeroidea and Sylvioidea confirms the placement of Hypergerus and its sister taxon Eminia within a larger monophyletic family of African warblers Cisticolidae.

A phylogeny of the Passerida (Aves: Passeriformes) based on mitochondrial 12S ribosomal RNA gene

The results identified the monophyly of the three superfamilies in Passerida: Sylvioidea, Muscicapoidea and Passeroidea; however, current delimitation of some species is at variance with the phylogeny estimate.

Phylogenetic analyses of the genera Pipra, Lepidothrix and Dixiphia (Pipridae, Passeriformes) using partial cytochrome b and 16S mtDNA genes

The results indicate that the genera Pipra, Lepidothrix and Dixiphia do not constitute a single monophyletic clade, and support the current hypothesis of polyphyletism for the former representatives of the genus Pipra.

Feather mites of the new genus Bernierinyssus gen. n. (Acariformes: Pteronyssidae) from endemic Malagasy warblers (Passeriformes: Bernieridae)—a lineage showing symbiotic cospeciation with their avian hosts

The study suggests that species of the genus Bernierinyssus have evolved slower than their avian hosts or co-associated feather lice, resulting in a nearly perfect correlation between mite and bird species richness (Eichler's Rule).


It is suggested that molecular divergences appear far too low to be consistent with mid-Eocene fossils attributed to the Brachypteraciidae family, the ground rollers.



Molecular systematics of tanagers (Thraupinae): evolution and biogeography of a diverse radiation of neotropical birds.

  • K. Burns
  • Biology
    Molecular phylogenetics and evolution
  • 1997
It is indicated that tanagers probably originated on Caribbean islands and later diversified throughout Central and South America during the mid-Tertiary, and several monophyletic groups are identified that agree with traditional sequential taxonomies.


DNA sequences spanning 1,042 nucleotide bases of the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene are reported for all 15 species and selected subspecies of cranes and an outgroup, the Limpkin, to suggest a rapid evolutionary diversification of these lineages.

Phylogenetic relationships among the major lineages of the birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae) using mitochondrial DNA gene sequences.

Complete mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences were determined from 12 species of the Australo-Papuan birds-of-paradise (Paradisaeidae) representing 9 genera and reveal a radiation of the main paradisaeinine lineages that took place over a relatively short evolutionary time scale.

Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of xantusiid lizards, inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.

Levels of sequence divergence, as well as the age and affinities of some mainland fossil taxa, suggest that the origin of Cricosaura was associated with the tectonic evolution of the Greater Antilles in the late Cretaceous.

Molecular evolutionary dynamics of cytochrome b in strepsirrhine primates: the phylogenetic significance of third-position transversions.

DNA sequences of the complete cytochrome b gene are shown to contain robust phylogenetic signal for the strepsirrhine primates (i.e., lemurs and lorises), which supports the hypothesis that Malagasy lemuriforms and Afro-Asian lorisiforms each comprise clades that share a sister-group relationship.

Speciation in Sapsuckers (Sphyrapicus). III. Mitochondrial-DNA sequence divergence at the cytochrome-B locus

AISTP,CT.--We amplified and sequenced a 711 base-pair (bp) fragment of mtDNA at the cytochrome-b locus to reexamine relationships within and among species of Sphyrapicus and representatives of two

A molecular phylogeny of the Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).

The inferred phylogeny supported a secondary loss of internal pupation within the Praini and a polyphyletic origin of endoparasitism within the Braconidae, and relationships between the Aphidiinae and the noncyclostome braconids could not be resolved.

Mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution in the Arctoidea.

  • Y. ZhangO. Ryder
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1993
The results based on parsimony analysis show that the giant panda is more closely related to bears than to the lesser panda; the lesserpanda is neither closelyrelated to bears nor to the New World procyonids.

Molecules vs. morphology in avian evolution: the case of the "pelecaniform" birds.

  • S. HedgesC. G. Sibley
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1994
The traditional avian Order Pelecaniformes is composed of birds with all four toes connected by a web. This "totipalmate" condition is found in ca. 66 living species: 8 pelicans (Pelecanus), 9

Recovering phylogenetic signal from DNA sequences: relationships within the corvine assemblage (class aves) as inferred from complete sequences of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome-b gene.

Phylogenetic analysis of cytochrome-b sequences and cranial osteological characters for nine genera of corvine passerine birds supports the hypothesis that the two major groups of birds of paradise constitute a monophyletic group and that their postulated sister group is the Corvidae.